We were no longer the 13 colonies but the United States of America Thomas

We were no longer the 13 colonies but the united

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We were no longer the 13 colonies but the United States of America. Thomas Jefferson Was a member of the 2nd Continental Congress. The congress selected a committee known as the Committee of Five. Members... Thomas Jefferson Ben Franklin John Adams
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Roger Sherman Robert Livingston Jefferson was selected to write the actual document. It took him 2 weeks! 1776 July 2- Congress voted (12 out of 13 colonies voted, New York did not) to declare Independence July 4th- The written document by T. Jefferson was approved after some minor changes made by Adams and Jefferson. It was then signed by only two delegates July 9th- New York approves the Declaration July 19th- Congress orders the Declaration of Independence be engrossed on parchment for signing. (Timothy Maddock) August 2nd- The declaration is signed by the 50 members of Congress present Washington Takes Command 16,000 troops outside of Boston General Gage of British has about 6,500 Washington’s army was made up of common men who enlisted for many different reasons General Howe replaces Gage and brings reinforcements, now at 8,000 Life Under Occupation Food shortages, bombardment, and British soldiers are all feared realities of living in Boston British Navy Strongest, most powerful Navy in the world Major mistake of British was the lack of using their powerful Navy. Advantages Brits had at beginning of war Strongest Navy in the world Experienced, well trained army Wealth Larger Population *9 mil. to 2.5 mil* Disadvantages of colonists at beginning of war Lacked a strong navy Lacked military experience Lacked military experience Weapons and ammo were in short supply Militia groups- volunteer soldiers (unstable!!) Population was divided in their effort. Not everyone was a Patriot. Two Reasons why some Americans remained Loyalists Tories: Colonists who fought with the British 1. Members of Anglican Church 2. Jobs 3. No established government Advantages of Patriots during war Fighting on their own ground
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Mercenaries (hired British soldiers- fighting for money). The Patriots were fighting for their freedom George Washington What is the Continental Army? A regular army, well trained soldiers who could fight everywhere. Depended on the states to recruit, or enlist soldiers. Soldiers signed up for 1 year. Later the gov. will enlist soldiers for 3 years. Other groups African Americans: Fought for their freedom in the militia. 5,000 fought. Women: Margaret Corbin, Deborah Sampson. Weapons Muzzle loading flintlock musket Smoothbore flintlock musket “Rules of War” To compensate for inaccurate shooting, men fired Rolleys. Men were formed into units of 2 or 3 lines (ranks) deep.
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