Groups vs aggregates group people with who you can

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Groups VS Aggregates Group: people with who you can relate or identify with Aggregates: No connection with others
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Dyads: Group of only 2 people; usually close. Triads: Group of 3; weak side group. Meritocracy: meaning that hiring and promotion is based on proven and documented skills, rather than on nepotism or random choice. Bureaucracies and their traits : Bureaucracy : Formal organization that are organized into a hierarchy of smaller departments They aren’t flexible, a department can only do so much. School is a bureaucracy. Types of Organizations Voluntary: offers no pay, expands social networks. EXAMPLE: Church Coercive: Force to join. EXAMPLE: Prison Utilitarian: Join for a specific reason. EXAMPLE: Work. Types of Leadership: Democratic: gives opportunity to everyone Laisse-faire: goes with the flow, doesn’t lead, no structure Authoritarian: Strict leadership, doesn’t leave room for those to have opportunity Formal and informal organization: Formal: Groups created for a certain purpose and built for maximum efficiency Informal : Friendship, loyalities Expressive vs instrumental functions Expressive: overall welfare of the group Instrumental: goal-oriented In-groups: A group for which we feel an affinity or closeness Out-groups: A group from which are disconnected. Groups that you don’t favor. Primary VS. Secondary Groups: Primary : Long-lasting, intimate, small number of people. Example: Immediate family, couple very close friends. They are emotionally supportive. Secondary : Formal, Superficial group of people. Example: Classmates, coworkers, and some family members. Deviance : a violation of established contextual, cultural, or social norms, whether folkways, mores, or codified law.
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Primary VS Secondary Deviance Primary Deviance: a violation of norms that does not result in any long-term effects on the individual’s self-image or interactions with others Secondary Deviance : occurs when a person’s self-concept and behavior begin to change after his or her actions are labeled as deviant by members of society.
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