Durkheim believed that sociologists could study objective “social facts” (Poggi 2000). He alsobelieved that through such studies it would be possible to determine if a society was “healthy” or“pathological.” He saw healthy societies as stable, while pathological societies experienced abreakdown in social norms between individuals and society.George Herbert Mead (1863–1931)George Herbert Mead was a philosopher and sociologist whose work focused on the ways inwhich the mind and the self were developed as a result of social processes (Cronk n.d.). Heargued that how an individual comes to view himself or herself is based to a very large extent oninteractions with others. Mead called specific individuals that impacted a person’slife significant others,and he also conceptualized “generalized others” as the organized andgeneralized attitude of a social group. Mead’s work is closely associated with the symbolicinteractionist approach and emphasizes the micro-level of analysis.Max Weber (1864–1920)Prominent sociologist Max Weber established a sociology department in Germany at the LudwigMaximilians University of Munich in 1919. Weber wrote on many topics related to sociologyincluding political change in Russia and social forces that affect factory workers. He is knownbest for his 1904 book, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. The theory that Webersets forth in this book is still controversial. Some believe that Weber argued that the beliefs ofmany Protestants, especially Calvinists, led to the creation of capitalism. Others interpret it assimply claiming that the ideologies of capitalism and Protestantism are complementary.Weber believed that it was difficult, if not impossible, to use standard scientific methods toaccurately predict the behavior of groups as people hoped to do. They argued that the influenceof culture on human behavior had to be taken into account. This even applied to the researchersthemselves, who, they believed, should be aware of how their own cultural biases couldinfluence their research. To deal with this problem, Weber and Dilthey introduced the concept
of verstehen,a German word that means to understand in a deep way. In seeking verstehen,outside observers of a social world an entire culture or a small setting attempt to understand itfrom an insider’s point of view.Q2: How Sociology relates with other Social sciences?Introduction:The social life is so complex that it is impossible to isolate social problems from the whole rangeof human experience.The life of man is many-sided. There is an economic aspect, legal aspect, an aesthetic aspect, areligious aspect, a political aspect, and so forth. Sociology, therefore, can understand social life
as a whole by taking help from other social sciences which study exclusively one or the otheraspects of human activity.
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