Emigrants who wanted an even closer connection bw church and state 1662

Emigrants who wanted an even closer connection bw

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Emigrants who wanted an even closer connection b/w church and state 1662: Hartford and New Haven Charter that united them as the colony of Connecticut The Trials of Anne Hutchinson Large threat to Puritan b/c her gender & large and influential following Midwife and daughter of a clergyman John Winthrop: “a woman of a ready wit and bold spirit” 1634: arrived to Massa with husband to join their minister, John Cotton Hutchinson Hold meetings in her home Discussion of religious issues among men and women A number of prominent merchants and public officials View: salvation was God’s direct gift to the elect Cannot be earned by good works, devotional practices, or other human effort Most share the same belief Different: Charge that all the ministers in Massa were guilty of faulty preaching for distinguishing saints from the damned on the basis of activities such as church attendance and moral behavior rather than an inner state of grace Both minister and magistrates were intent on suppressing any views that challenged their own ldrship
Denounced Cotton and Hutchinson for Antinomianism (putting one’s own judgement or faith above human law and teachings of the church) 1637: Hutchinson’s trial For sedition (expressing opinions dangerous to authority) “public woman” made her defiance seem even more outrageous John Winthrop: Hutchinson’s meeting “neither comely in the sight of God nor fitting to your sex” Hutchinson debated interpretation of the Bible with her university-educated accusers Held her own during her trial When she spoke of divine revelations, of God speaking to her directly rather than through ministers or the Bible Violated Puritan doctrine and sealed her own fate The claim: colony’s ldr felt threated Hutchinson and followers were banished Made it way to Rhode Island Westchester Live in New England for 8 yrs Left a mark on religious culture Shows how the Puritan belief in each indiv’s ability to interpret the Bible could easily lead to criticism of the religious and political establishment Puritans and Indians Encounter fewer native Quickly outnumbered the native population Roger Williams Treat the Indians with justice Learned the complex Indian languages Insisted that the king had no right to grant land already belonging to some else No town should be established before it’s purchased Versus John Winthrop Believed uncultivated land could legitimately be taken by the colonists Purchases (after the town established) must carry with them Indian agreement to submit to English authority and pay tribute to the colonists New England’s ldr Indian represent: savagery and temptation Puritan’ eye Indian resembled Catholics: False gods and deceptive rituals Enjoy freedom but the wrong kind

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