Additionally zoning policies such as low density only zoning are used to reduce

Additionally zoning policies such as low density only

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Additionally, zoning policies such as low-density-only-zoning are used to reduce the number of rental houses available in a particular area as a way to exclude people of color from such neighborhoods. According to a study commissioned by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, some municipalities have enacted zoning ordinances that allow small towns to expand their borders thereby excluding communities of color at the periphery of the city where there is no access to basic public amenities such as sewer and police protection which are enjoyed by white residents (Turner et al., 2013). Public housing policies also contribute significantly to the entrenchment of racial housing discrimination throughout the U.S. According to de Leew et al. (2007), people of color in the US constitute about 69% of public housing residents because of the unfair housing policies. Although blacks, Asians and Hispanics are less likely to face obvious obstacles such as being denied an appointment to see a home, they are shown fewer units compared to whites with similar qualifications. Additionally, people of color are also asked more questions about how they will finance the house, whether they are married and the number of children that they have (Turner et al., 2013). According to the findings of this study, it is evident that racial housing discrimination in the US is a significant problem that must be effectively addressed. Housing discrimination has severe consequences not only to the racial minorities but to the nation as a whole. According to Haberle (2014), racial segregation results in lack of access to the resources that can enhance an individual’s life opportunities like healthy and secure neighborhoods and quality schools. Turner et al. (2013) state that compared to whites,
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HOUSING DISCRIMINATION IN THE UNITED STATES 5 people of color live in low-income communities regardless of their income. Therefore, the hampered life choices of most Americans can be attributed to social isolation and government policies that perpetuate racial discrimination in housing. For instance, black children who live in poor neighborhoods find it difficult to access quality schools. Similarly, it has also been established that children in poor neighborhoods are more likely to drop out of school, and they also experience more social and behavioral problems. Most importantly, the consequences of housing discrimination are particularly severe to people of color who face other forms of discrimination because of their gender identity, age and sexual orientation among other factors (Turner et al., 2013). Due to the adverse consequences of racial
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  • Winter '15
  • housing discrimination

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