J. INGRAM PAGE 7 OF 9 FALL 2014 53. The single-member district plurality system is an electoral system in which:
54. Proportional representation can be defined as an election system in which: a) Each candidate with a minimum threshold percentage of the district’s vote wins a seat.b) The candidate with the majority of the vote in the district wins the seat. c) The candidate with the largest share of the vote in the district wins the seat. d) The percentage of votes a party receives in the district will determine how many seats that party will win. e) Two rounds are held to ensure that the winning candidate achieves a majority of voter support, not merely a plurality.
55. Which of these phenomena are demonstrated by Condorcet’s Paradox?
56. Transitivity is violated in Condorcet’s Paradox because: