G general theory of crime a developmental theory that

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g. General theory of crime - A developmental theory that modifies social control theory by integrating concepts from biosocial, psychological, routine activities, and rational choice theories. II. Influences on Delinquency A. Family Influence on Delinquency 1. Family Structure a. Blended family - Nuclear families that are the product of divorce and remarriage, blending one parent from each of two families and their combined children into one family unit b. Broken home - Homes in which one or both parents are absent due to divorce or separation. Children in such an environment may be prone to antisocial behavior. c. Nuclear family - A family unit composed of parents and their children. This smaller family structure is subject to great stress due to the intense, close contact between parents and children. 2. Family deprivation a. Abandonment - Parents physically leave their children with the intention of completely severing the parent–child relationship 3. Dysfunction 4. Conflict
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a. Intrafamily violence - An environment of discord and conflict within the family. Children who grow up in dysfunctional homes often exhibit delinquent behaviors, having learned at a young age that aggression pays off. b. Resource dilution - A condition that occurs when parents have such large families that their resources, such as time and money, are spread too thin, causing lack of familial support and control. 5. Abuse and Neglect a. Neglect -Passive neglect by a parent or guardian, depriving children of food, shelter, health care, and love b. Battered child syndrome - Nonaccidental physical injury of children by their parents or guardians. c. Parental efficacy -Families in which parents are able to integrate their children into the household unit while at the same time helping them assert their individuality and regulate their own behavior. Parents are said to have parental efficacy when they are supportive and effectively control their children in a noncoercive fashion 6. Stress and Depression 7. Drug Use 8. Deviance and Crime a. Cycle of violence - A behavior cycle in which people who were abused as children grow up to become violent abusers themselves. b. Familicide - Mass murders in which a spouse and one or more children are slain. B. Peers 1. Conventional Peers a. Cliques -Small groups of friends who share intimate knowledge and confidences. b. Near-groups - Clusters of youths who outwardly seem unified, but actually have limited cohesion, impermanence, minimal consensus of norms, shifting membership, disturbed leadership, and limited definitions of membership expectations 2. Deviant Peer Relations a. Controversial status youth- Aggressive kids who are either highly liked or intensely disliked by their peers and who are the ones most likely to become engaged in antisocial behavior 3. Gangs a. Gangs -Group of youths who collectively engage in delinquent behaviors b. Kilikas - Subgroups of same-aged youths in Latino gangs that remain together and have separate names and a unique identity in the gang.
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