-Where are populists increasing? America, Europe mostly, not really in Asia-Think: BREXIT, Austria’s Freedom Party, Germany’s Alternative for Germany (Germany very hesitant about populism b/c Hitler), France National Front (Le Pen). Lots of these examples are anti-immigration. Greek Prime Minister Tsipras democratic party won the Greek election-Back to Rodrigo Duterte: very radical populist who wanted to clean up corruption and drugs, and has. Promised to KILL drug dealers. Extrajudicial killings, Duterte basically gave permission to the police to kill drug dealers instead of arresting them-Super pro-nationalist, broke 100 year US relationship in favor for China by himself, which is problematic
-Vladimir Putin and Recep Erdogan (Turkey) both leaders who really control their entire country. Anti pretty much everything that isn’t their own country. Changed the government to give themselves more power. Both are populist now but did not start out that way. Now, Turkey and Russia are both one-party states. -Excluding Phillippines, almost all of this populist sentiment is concentrated in the west-Places in the west there isn’t much populist sentiment because of better integration of immigrants: Canada (small pop., good economy), Australia (small pop., good economy, Japan (doesn’t have immigration)-Used to be: people voted for political parties based almost entirely on class. Very different today, classes vote for whoever now. Economic status is no longer a good indicator of how a person will vote. Now, people vote based on social issues like: environment, religion, immigration, same-sex marriage, abortion-Successful populists appeal to people with how they approach social issues-Populism can be dangerous, but also necessary-DANGER: populism used often by authoritarians or racists to gain popularity. Once in power, they use their power to further increase their power-Checks and balances out the window. (Duterte example again)-Checking their power is now considered treason (think Putin, Erdogan)-Minorities don’t fare well, same with any opposition-Populism happens when the system fails for a long period of time and people get angry and force a radical change
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- Fall '08