Shiras descended from one of the pioneer families of

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Shiras ―descend[ed] from one of the pioneer families of‖ Pittsburg, it is safe to say that in 1892, he was not widely known by the public. Post-1930 Unknown Justices In contrast to the pre-1930, well known group, this group contained fewer justices (17 compared to 29) and spanned a considerably shorter period of time (60 years compared 133). Of all justices nominated in 1930 or later, 85% were classified at
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63 unknown. Similarly, only 3.33% of justices nominated prior to 1930 were classified as unknown. Spanning only 60 years (1930 to 1990), articles for the post-1930 justices are all very similar. These articles are considerably longer than articles for the pre-1930 group, sometimes continuing over several pages. Additionally, many more pictures accompanied the articles in this group. Of the 17 justices in this group, 13 justices had at least one picture printed in their articles. Three justices (Powell, Scalia, and Souter) each had five pictures 36 in their articles, the maximum number found for any justice in the entire sample. Although the number of pictures found in their articles ranged from 0 to 5, the average number of pictures found was 2.2, with 2 as the mode. Articles in this group spanned a mere 60 years, unlike the pre-1930, well known justices, which spanned 133 years. The number of articles found for this group ranged from 4 to 34, with 13.8 articles being the average and 9 articles being the mode. Categorized as unknown, some may expect fewer articles for this group, especially considering that all articles came from one newspaper only, the New York Times , unlike the pre-1930, well known group, whose articles came from a number of various newspapers. Although there was a significant range in the number of articles found, the content of those articles was surprisingly similar for most justices in the group. While the circumstances of each nomination differ, regardless of when the nomination occurred, reporting of the nomination and confirmation process was relatively similar throughout the group. Because little was known about these justices, the press served as a place to 36 Picture counts may not be entirely accurate because several pictures were blocked due to copyright laws. For more information about the way pictures were counted, refer to the discussion in Chapter 3. Here, only pictures that were positively identified as the individual justice were analyzed.
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64 discover and evaluate their records. Not only were justices introduced to the public through these articles, but some articles also read more like short biographies, recounting everything from previous jobs to parent‘s occupations. Legal experience replaced political experience as the career path of choice. Of the seventeen justices in this group, twelve worked as Attorneys General, Solicitors General, or judges on a federal appellate court. Earlier justices in this group were more likely to work in the Justice Department, while judicial experience was more likely with the later justices.
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