Alcohol and Driving Ability ● Sensorimotor skills constitute a major part of driving ability. ● In the early 1980’s public awareness of drinking and driving increased tremendously. The main reason being because of the start of citizens’ groups, such as, MADD(Mothers Against Drunk Driving) and SADD(Students Against Drunk Driving). ● These groups also helped the trend of increased enforcement and stricter legal penalties for DUI.
● Motor vehicles are the most common non natural cause of death in the U.S. and the leading cause of death of people overall ages 1-24. ● At BAC 0.02%-0.03% crashes are 1.4 times more likely, at 0.05%-0.09% its 11.1 times more likely, at .10%-.14% is 48 times more likely, and at .15% or more its 380 times more likely. ● Younger drivers are more likely to be involved in an alcohol related accident. For example in 1980, 18 year olds only drove 2% of the number of miles traveled but were involved in 5.5% of alcohol related accidents. The reason that it is believed for younger people to be more involved in this is because of their inexperience with both alcohol and driving in general. ● Gender also places a role, so not only are young drivers more likely but actually young men are most likely to be involved. In 1983 data showed that 38% of young men were involved in fatal crashes with BAC of .10% or higher. ● So, it is easy to see that drunk driving is a big problem in the U.S. however, the action taken against it has been paying off, because the alcohol related incidents has fell 36% from 1982-1997. Psychological Effects ● Alcohol combines with other factors to change emotions and moods. ● Everyone reports different psychological effects when drinking and the same drinker may report different effects at different occasions of drinking. ● Some of the things that are the reasoning for this is the mood of the person before starting drinking, situational variables, and cognitive variables.
● Drinkers feel more friendly and elated when the BAC is rising but more angry and fatigued when the levels are dropping. ● It has been noted that when the level of alcohol is above .10% the drinkers moods can change abruptly from friendly to hostile. ● Some of the effects that alcohol levels have on thinking and precision are: it impairs the short term memory, makes you overestimate time passage, lowers your depth perception, and leads to disorganized thinking. Alcohol and Aggression ● Aggression is behavior intended to harm a person who would prefer to not receive the harm. Violence is a major type of aggression. ● The co-occurrence of alcohol use and violent crime is especially prevalent among men 18 to 30 years old who have a relatively high rate of both heavy drinking and violent crimes. ● Alcohol has been estimated to be involved in 25% to 50% of all spousal abuse incidents.
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- Fall '17
- Alcoholic beverage