tR kuai yao or tR kuaiyao with a new situation 7 le at the end of the clause

Tr kuai yao or tr kuaiyao with a new situation 7 le

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·tR: kuai, ~ yao, or ·tR:~ kuaiyao, with a new situation 7 .le at the end of the clause, means "about to" or "almost": ·tR:~ _t i51! 7 0 Kuaiyao shang-ke .le. ~A~*7o Ke.ren yao lai ./e. ·tR:~ffi7 0 Kuai xia-yu ./e. Class is about to begin. Guests are coming. It's about to rain. 8. ·tt mang "busy," normally an adjective, here is used as a transitive verb meaning "busy oneself with": 1fl\·tt{t~ nfmang shem.me? "What are you busy with?" 9. ® xie "a few, some" is an AN of an indefinite number. It often follows determinatives: ~®A zhei .xie ren "these people"; ]~®~~ nei .xie yngbr "those pens"; 19J~® nei .xie "which ones?" It can also follow - yzto mean a few: ::fJUi~1~$, PJ ~~ wo meiyou .hen duo, ke.shi you yi xie "I don't have many, but do have a few." The example in the text is yi xie with the - yz omitted. 10. '/!X ci counts instances of verbs the way ANs count instances ofnouns. Like ANs, it can follow a number or determinative: Ii {jz wu ci "five times," ~ {jz zhei ci "this time"; etc. _t shang "up" and ~ xi a "down" can mean "last" and "next": _t -1'- jj shang .ge yue "last month"; ~(-1'-)tUl- xia (ge) lbaiyz "next Monday"; _t{jz shang ci "last time"; ~ {jz xia ci "next time"; etc. (Imaginary time lines seem to go downward in Chinese.) 11. fJl)(-)li:lJ wen (yi) wen, literally "ask an asking," is softer and gentler than just plain fll] wen. It has somewhat the flavor of ''just try asking" in English. - .yi can drop out, and the pattern can apply to many other verbs: i;?. i;?. shuo.shuo "try saying"; trtr EE!. i! dii.da dianhua "try calling"; and so on. The sense of"try (and see what happens)" is strengthened when ~kiln is added: §]§]~ xie.xie.kan "try writing (and see what happens)"; ~~~ zuo.zuo.kan "try sitting"; etc. 12. :::t cai here indicates emphasis. Depending on intonation, the emphasis can be on the predicate ("I don't believe it") or on the subject ("1, for one, don't believe it"). P~ .ne normally follows at the end of the sentence. 81
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13. Note that -*.,yi-tiiin here means "in a day" or "per day"; it does not mean "one day," which would be fl"-*., you yi-tiiin. 14. P:f hiio "good" can precede Jl,jf "a few" and an AN to mean "many": P:f JL-1'- hiioji.ge "quite a few," PJ JL-1'- A haoji.ge ren "quite a few people," PJ JLiJ\ hiiojlci "quite a few times." Note that in English we also say, "a good number .... " 15. X illPJ ye hiio, Y illPJ ye hiio has the sense of"it doesn't matter if it is X or Y." 16. § C. zijl "oneself' often attaches to a noun or pronoun: ~tB § C. tii zijl "she herself," ~~rp §C. liioshl zijl"the teacher himself," and so on. It can also be used independently in pairs: ~~rp1£i3t§t:__t § BJE~ §C. iJH'iS o Liioshz zai ketang.shang zijl gen zijl shuo-hua. § c. iJi 1¥1 t5 § C. :IF 'tl 0 Zijl shuo .de hua zijl budong. The teacher is in the classroom talking to himself. He doesn't understand what he himself is saying.
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