He will dwell with them They will be his peoples he will wipe every tear from

He will dwell with them they will be his peoples he

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And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, “See, the home of God is among mortals. He will dwell with them; They will be his peoples . . . he will wipe every tear from their eyes. Death will be no more; mourning and crying and pain will be no more, For the first things have passed away.” (Rev. 21: 3-4) - Heaven is existing in the presence of god and there could be nothing greater than that - Heaven lacks bodily pleasurs because they contract the idea that the best things that could ever happen to someone is to be in the presence of god – the desires of the body are counter to the heavenly realm Judgment → tension between God’s mercy and God’s justice - Problem that the ultimate justice of god is that evil need to be punished but also god is an ultimate good- so can the ultimate good condemn someone to evil and hell forever Medieval Catholic compromise: purgatory - The solution - For humans not as good as the saitns but not as evil as the sinners - Undergo purification and are able to enter heaven Intercession - Important for purgatory because living relatives can pray for dead relatives in purgatory and help them purify themselves - Help to improve their life in death - Certain sainted members (mary) can intercept for the dead from the living
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Heaven and Hell in contemporary theology The “disappearance of hell”? - the doctrine of hell is being downplayed or that it has been disappeared Contrast: American Evangelicalism - don’t believe hell has been disappeared Video on Heaven and Hell Man believes he spent 23 minutes in hell – out of body experience- actual prison cell with demonic creatures and it smelt bad – they were cursing god and directing hatred towards the man and broke his bones and tore his flesh open – body can withstand torment in hell Evangelical Christians - What are the details of this vision of hell? - What is it based on? - What do you think is the teller’s motivation for sharing this story? Believe Jesus death saved people but how exactly this process takes palce is not clear in Christian communities - What did jesus death do and how did it save people? Christ Dying for sins Now I would remind you, brothers and sisters, of the good news that I proclaimed to you, which you in turn received, in which also you stand, through which also you are being saved, if you hold firmly to the message that I proclaimed to you—unless you have come to believe in vain. For I handed on to you as of first importance what I in turn had received: that Christ died for our sins in accordance with the scriptures, and that he was buried, and that he was raised on the third day in accordance with the scriptures, and that he appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve. (1 Corinthians 15:1-5) Theories of Atonement Christ’s death as ransom - Christ’s death released all humans who die (for the sins) - Christ as “Lamb of God”- lambs would be sacrificed in Jewish and the blood of the innocent animals would purify the living – the sacrificial lamb who will die on the alter to purify those who have sinned - Christus Victor (
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