DSST Fundamentals of counseling study sheet

Individual centered society exists to maximize

This preview shows page 8 - 9 out of 9 pages.

"individual" centered: society exists to maximize individual's potential o individual freedom, autonomy o individualism Obtain social control thru love and affection Informal interpersonal relationships Hispanic Family as focus, social-self Interdependence Hierarchical relationship Extended family External frame of reference o obedience to family o personal needs are secondary to family need Focus on what kind of person you are rather than status Work for present needs Religion plays important role Formal interpersonal relationships An advocate is someone who speaks on behalf of another person, especially in a legal context. The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) prohibits discrimination and ensures equal opportunity and access for persons with disabilities.
Image of page 8

Subscribe to view the full document.

Therapists used silence primarily to facilitate reflection, encourage responsibility, facilitate expression of feelings, not interrupt session flow, and convey empathy. During silence, therapists observed the client, thought about the therapy, and conveyed interest. In general, therapists indicated that they would use silence with clients who were actively problem solving, but they would not use silence with very disturbed clients. Therapists learned about using silence mostly through clinical experience. Read ACA Ethical codes. Particularly H2b & c Piaget’s Cognitive Stages (Developmental Counseling version) A client who is in a sensorimotor stage of cognitive development will express his or her emotions through behavioral and physical means. A client in the concrete stage of cognitive development will be able to name feelings but be unable to reflect on those feelings. A client in the Formal stage of cognitive development will be able to talk abstractly about their feelings and recognize patterns. A client in the dialectic stage is able to integrate all their personal reflections and multiple perspectives to devise a plan that will address any dysfunctional thoughts, feelings, or behaviors.
Image of page 9

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Get FREE access by uploading your study materials

Upload your study materials now and get free access to over 25 million documents.

Upload now for FREE access Or pay now for instant access
Christopher Reinemann
"Before using Course Hero my grade was at 78%. By the end of the semester my grade was at 90%. I could not have done it without all the class material I found."
— Christopher R., University of Rhode Island '15, Course Hero Intern

Ask a question for free

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern