institutions are involved, thus calling for a political science approach. Any industry that becomesan economic giant affecting the lives of many people attracts the attention of legislative bodies(along with that of the sociologists, geographers, economists, and anthropologists), which createthe laws, regulations, and legal environment in which the tourist industry must operate; so wealso have a legal approach. The great importance of transportation suggests passengertransportation as another approach. The fact simply is that tourism is so vast, so complex, and somultifaceted that it is necessary to take a number of approaches to studying the field, eachgeared to a somewhat different task or objective. Figure 1.3 illustrates the interdisciplinarynature of tourism studies and their reciprocity and mutuality. The Annals of Tourism Research,an inter- disciplinary social sciences journal, is another publication that should be on the serioustourism student’s reading list.4 | P a g e
Jayme LuzziDomestic & International TourismProfessor WhitleyJanuary 30th, 2020Chapter 1 QuestionsThe Systems ApproachWhat is really needed to study tourism is a systems approach. A system isa set of interrelated components coordinated to form a unified whole and organized toaccomplish a set of goals. It integrates all approaches into a comprehensive method dealing withboth micro and macro-issues. It examines the tourist firm’s competitive environment, its market,its results, its linkages with other institutions, the consumer, and the interaction of the firm withthe consumer. In addition, a systems approach takes a macro-viewpoint and examines the entiretourism system of a country, state, or area and how it operates within and relates to othersystems, such as legal, political, economic, and social systems.I like them all, but the book is accurate in that the systems approach is needed for a completepicture of the tourism and travel industry. 4.What are the components of tourism? The components of Tourism are:The TouristThe Environment & Natural ResourcesThe Built Environment5.How important are tourist attractions?Sightseeing has always been a major activity of tourists; this has been true since ancient times.Therefore, tourism attractions are an essential part of that aspect of tourism. In recent timesthey have becomes a great source of income generation for the areas that they are located in. 6.Why are geographers, sociologists, anthropologists, and economists interested in tourism?Geographers:The geographer specializes in the study of location, environment, climate,landscape, and their economic aspects. The geographer’s approach to tourism sheds light on thelocation of tourist areas, the movements of people created by tourism locales, the changes thattourism brings to the landscape in the form of tourism facilities, dispersion of tourismdevelopment, physical planning, and economic, social, and cultural problems.