Any industry that becomes an economic giant affecting the lives of many people

Any industry that becomes an economic giant affecting

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institutions are involved, thus calling for a political science approach. Any industry that becomes an economic giant affecting the lives of many people attracts the attention of legislative bodies (along with that of the sociologists, geographers, economists, and anthropologists), which create the laws, regulations, and legal environment in which the tourist industry must operate; so we also have a legal approach. The great importance of transportation suggests passenger transportation as another approach. The fact simply is that tourism is so vast, so complex, and so multifaceted that it is necessary to take a number of approaches to studying the field, each geared to a somewhat different task or objective. Figure 1.3 illustrates the interdisciplinary nature of tourism studies and their reciprocity and mutuality. The Annals of Tourism Research, an inter- disciplinary social sciences journal, is another publication that should be on the serious tourism student’s reading list. 4 | P a g e
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Jayme Luzzi Domestic & International Tourism Professor Whitley January 30 th , 2020 Chapter 1 Questions The Systems Approach What is really needed to study tourism is a systems approach. A system is a set of interrelated components coordinated to form a unified whole and organized to accomplish a set of goals. It integrates all approaches into a comprehensive method dealing with both micro and macro-issues. It examines the tourist firm’s competitive environment, its market, its results, its linkages with other institutions, the consumer, and the interaction of the firm with the consumer. In addition, a systems approach takes a macro-viewpoint and examines the entire tourism system of a country, state, or area and how it operates within and relates to other systems, such as legal, political, economic, and social systems. I like them all, but the book is accurate in that the systems approach is needed for a complete picture of the tourism and travel industry. 4. What are the components of tourism? The components of Tourism are: The Tourist The Environment & Natural Resources The Built Environment 5. How important are tourist attractions? Sightseeing has always been a major activity of tourists; this has been true since ancient times. Therefore, tourism attractions are an essential part of that aspect of tourism. In recent times they have becomes a great source of income generation for the areas that they are located in. 6. Why are geographers, sociologists, anthropologists, and economists interested in tourism? Geographers: The geographer specializes in the study of location, environment, climate, landscape, and their economic aspects. The geographer’s approach to tourism sheds light on the location of tourist areas, the movements of people created by tourism locales, the changes that tourism brings to the landscape in the form of tourism facilities, dispersion of tourism development, physical planning, and economic, social, and cultural problems.
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