Chicago Race Riots of 1919: began after stoning death of black youth, Eugene Williams, by a white man at the Segregated Chicago beach. The man was not charged (…) Modern segregation persists through a combination of individual actions (e.g. privatization, racist hiring practices), institutional practices, and governmental policies. Whites may not be rioting against the CHA, but the power of their wealth and political (…) Policies favoring incarceration as the method of addressing the social problem of crime have dominated over the past 40 years. These policies include new definitions of crime and more strict sentencing guidelines for crimes. Additionally, the prison-industrial complex or the connections between private interests (both prisons and correctional services), the political system, and the criminal justice system in the United States has been criticized as another driver of pro-incarceration policies. Prisons : Public: Government owned Government operated o Policies o Employees Private: Corporate owned Corporate operated o Policies o Employees o Infrastructure
Broken Windows theory: Criminological theory that crime results from the establishment of otherwise deviant behavior as the norm, which facilitates further social disorganization and even more severe kinds of crime. James Q. Wilson and George L. Kelling. o “Consider a building with a few broken windows. If the windows are not repaired, the tendency is for vandals to break a few more windows. Eventually, they may even break into the building, and if it’s unoccupied, perhaps become squatters or light fires inside. o Or consider a pavement. Some litter accumulates. Soon, more litter accumulates. Eventually, people even start leaving bags of refuse from take-out restaurants there or even break into cars.” One of the policing strategies based upon BWT is “stop-and-frisk”.
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