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in children and adolescents with mental retardation. Pediatrics, 118(6), 1860-1866. doi:10.1542/peds.2005-3101Fombonne, E. (2009). Epidemiology of pervasive developmental disorders. Pediatric Research, 65(6), 591-598. doi:10.1203/PDR.0b013e31819e7203Lopata, C., Toomey, J.A., Fox, J.D., Thomeer, M.L., Volker, M.A., & Lee, G.K. (2013).Prevalence and predictors of psychotropic use in children with high-functioning ASDs. Autism Research and Treatment, 2013, 1-6. Sung, M., Fung, D.S., Cai, Y., & Ooi, Y.P. (2010). Pharmacological management in
children and adolescents with pervasive developmental disorder. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 44, 410-428. doi: 10.3109/00048670903493330The Learning Tree, Inc. (2014). Retrieved from -tree.orgAutism: Seeing Through Their Eyes1578 words 7 pages Autism occurs at many different ages and it is important to know the causes, effects, and solutions of this disorder. Autism is a persuasive developmental disorder (PDD). It causes delays in the development of basic skills (Autism Spectrum). Symptoms of this disorder are usually shown before the age of three. The symptoms range from mild to disabling severity (Autism Spectrum). Autism affects 1 in 88 children and 1 in 54 boys. The rate of children with this disorder is growing. More children have been diagnosed this year than those with diabetes, AIDS, etc. It is the fastest growing developmental disorder (Autism Speaks). There are ways to figure out when a child has autism and exactly how severe or mild it is. This is figured out by screening tests. Screening tests focus on three major statistical concepts: sensitivity, specifity, and PVV. These tests are not possible without the knowledge of these concepts (Benaron 32). At one point in time autism was considered to be a form of schizophrenia. By the 1960s it was finally classified as its own disorder (Freedman 10). However, in 1967,
“infantile autism” was recognized as a disorder but still classified as schizophrenia (Freedman 12). Swiss psychiatrist, Ernst Bleuler, introduced the word “autistic” in 1909. However, he did not use it in the context it is used today (Benaron 3). Two people, Kanner and Asperger, were the first to use it I the concept it is used in today ( Benaron 3). Now, severe autism is also known as Kanner’s Syndrome. It can also be called infantile autism (Shore PG). There are people with higher scale autism and those with lower scale autism. People with higher scale autism are known to have “low functioning” autism, while those with lower scale autism have “ high functioning” autism (Shore PG).