PED 1323 Motor Control & Motor Learning

In poortmans jr ed principles of exercise

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In: Poortmans JR (ed) Principles of Exercise Biochemistry, 3 rd ed. Med Sport Sci., Basel, Karger, 2004, Vol 46, pp 36-61.; 5 - D'Antona G. et al., Skeletal muscle hypertrophy and structure and function of skeletal muscle fibres in male body builders.J Physiol. 2006 Feb 1;570(Pt 3):611-27; 6 - Campos et al., Muscular adaptations in response to three different resistance-training regimens: specificity of repetition maximum training zones. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 88, 50-60, 2002; 7 - Staron RS et al., Human skeletal muscle fiber type adaptability to various workloads. J Histochem Cytochem. 1984 Feb;32(2):146-52; 8- Kesidis, et al., Myosin heavy chain isoform distribution in single fibres of bodybuilders. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 103, 579 – 583, 2008; 9- Scott W. et al., Human skeletal muscle fiber type classifications. Phys Ther. 2001 Nov;81(11):1810-6; 10 - Hather, BM et al., (1991) Influence of eccentric actions on skeletal muscle adaptations to resistance training. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica. 143:177-185. 11- Staron RS et al., (1990) Muscle hypertrophy and fast fiber type conversions in heavy resistance-trained women. European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology. 60(1), 71-9. 12- Wang N. et al., (1993) Muscle fiber types of women after resistance training — Quantitative ultrastructure and enzyme activity. Pflügers Archiv European Journal of Physiology. 424(5): 494-502) E.G. Kramer, WJ, Strength Power Hour Radio Show Podcast, Show date: 4/28/08, Available at iTunes , also available: Discussing crew athletes: “The IIx fibers have disappeared if you have recruited them”. IIX TO IIA fiber conversion occurs for either intense endurance or resistance exercise Most studies conclude: Endurance 1,2,3,4,5 and Strength/power 2,3 Exercise does not change the % fast & slow (1-Salmons, Int J Sport Med, 1994; 2- Abernethy et al., Sport Med, 1990; 3- Saltin & Gollnick, Skeletal Muscle Adaptability. In Peachey (Ed.), Handbook of Physiol, Sec. 10: Skeletal Muscle. Am Physiol Soc. 1983, also see Andersen, Schjerling & Saltin, Scientific American, 2000; D Pette, J Appl Physiol. 2001 Mar;90(3):1119-24.; 4- Noble, Rice, Thayer, Taylor. Evolving Concepts of muscle Fibers. In: Poortmans JR (ed) Principles of Exercise Biochemistry, 3 rd ed. Med Sport Sci., Basel, Karger, 2004, Vol 46, pp 36-61.; 5- Scott W. et al., Human skeletal muscle fiber type classifications. Phys Ther. 2001 Nov;81(11):1810-6) Noble et al., Evolving Concepts of Skeletal Muscle Fibers . In: Poortmans JR (ed): Principles of Exercise Biochemistry, 3 rd ed. Med Sport Sci. Basel, Karger, 2004 , vol 46, pp 36-61 “…although it appears that transitions within fast fiber types may be relatively common, there is little evidence that fast fibers can readily convert to slow fibers with exercise training.”
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Motor Control Section 1: The Stretch Shortening Cycle (a.k.a. plyometric movements) Unit 4: Motor Units Yan Z . et al., Regulation of exercise-induced fiber type transformation, mitochondrial biogenesis, and angiogenesis in skeletal muscle. J Appl Physiol. 2010 Oct 28. [Epub ahead of print] “… Endurance exercise readily promotes transformation from a glycolytic
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