# 1 what is the function of the suffixes o and ga 2

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1) What is the function of the suffixes -o and -ga 2) What is the word order of Japanese? 3) Does the complement precede or follow the head in Japanese? 4) Do adjuncts precede or follow the head in Japanese? 5) Do specifiers precede or follow the X' node in Japanese? 6) Draw the tree for sentence (k) using X-bar theory. Keep in mind your answers to questions (1–5). 4. P ARAMETERS Go back to the foreign language problems from the previous three chapters, and see if you can determine the parameter settings for these languages. You may not be able to determine all the settings for each language. C HAPTER 1. E NGLISH T HAT 10 Discuss the status of the word that in each of the following two sentences. Explain the differences between the two sentences. If you assign a different category status to that in each sentence, explain why. Draw the tree (use X- bar theory) for each of the sentences. a) Robert thinks that students should eat asparagus. b) Robert thinks that student should eat asparagus. ? 6 10 Thanks to Eithne Guilfoyle for contributing this problem set.
Syntax: Problem Sets 24 ©2002, Andrew Carnie 2. S UBJECTS AND P REDICATE P HRASES In each of the following clauses identify the subject and the predicate phrase. Some sentences contain multiple clauses, be sure to identify the subjects and predicate phrases of all clauses. a) The peanut butter has got 11 moldy. b) The duffer's swing blasted the golf ball across the green. c) That Harry loves dancing is evidenced by his shiny tap shoes. d) The Brazilians pumped the oil across the river. 3. C LAUSE TYPES The following sentences are “complex” in that they contain more than one clause. For each sentence, identify each clause. Remember main clauses include embedded clauses. Identify the complementizer, the T, and the subject of the clause; be sure to identify even null (Ø) complementizers and Ts with suffixes in them. State whether each clause is a finite clause or a non-finite clause. a) Stalin may think that Roosevelt is a fool. b) Lenin believes the Tsar to be a power-hungry dictator. c) Brezhnev had said for Andropov to leave. d) Yeltsin saw Chernyenko holding the bag. 4. T REES Draw the trees for the following sentences. Use X-bar theory, show all CPs, DPs, and TPs. a) The very young child walked from school to the store. b) Linguistics students like phonetics tutorials. c) John paid a dollar for a head of lettuce. d) Teenagers drive rather quickly. e) Martha said that Bill loved his Cheerios in the morning. f) Eloise wants you to study a new language. [assume to = T] g) For Maurice to quarrel with Joel frightened Maggie. h) John’s drum will always bother me. 11 You may prefer gotten to got here. The choice is dialect-dependent.
Syntax: Problem Sets 25 ©2002, Andrew Carnie 5. T REES II 1) Go back to chapter 2, problem set 4, and draw the trees using X-bar theory.