Qingming festival food sacrificed to gods dragon dances in street parades

Qingming festival food sacrificed to gods dragon

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- Qingming festival: food sacrificed to gods - dragon dances in street parades - fortune telling - Ying and Yang Islam → submission to the will of God (there is only one; Allah) originated form Arabia some of God's prophets include: Jesus, Moses, Abraham and the final prophet was Muhammad → taught mankind how to life according to His law, spread God's world to people Muslims must believe in God's revelations, angels, messengers, and day of Judgement Beliefs in Islam - Koran is the holy book for Muslims → sacred, literal word of God; gives moral guidance Islam in daily life - Salah: ritual prayer to be performed five times a day facing towards Kaaba in Mecca - Ramadan: ninth month of Islamic calender, when Muslims fast during daylight hours, because → the Koran was first revealed during this month
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→ the gates of Heaven are open → the gates of Hell are closed => easier to do good this month + good actions bring greater reward - Zakat: compulsory, systematic giving of a set proportion of one's wealth to charity - Hajj: pilgrimage to Mecca to stand before the Kaaba praising God together once a year - Sharia: all aspects of a Muslim's life are governed by Sharia; Islamic law formed by traditional scholarship Shinto → Spirit Way, more than 1500 years old “ethnic” religion of Japanese people; focussed on the land of Japan basis of Japanese culture Japanese devotion to invisible spiritual beings and powers called kami (spirits, not God), to shrines, and to various rituals Beliefs in Shinto - Four affirmations: Tradition and Family, Love of Nature, Physical cleanliness, Matsuri (festival worshipping the kami) Kinds of Shinto - Shrine/folk, State, Sect Shinto Shinto in daily life - Life cycle celebrations at shrines (Newborn, 7-5-3 festival, entry to adulthood at 20, marriage) - Love of nature (annual cycle of seasonal festivals) - Physical cleanliness (Misoji → water purification rites) Christianity originated in Eastern Mediterranean monotheistic based on life and teaching of Jesus presented in the New Testament based on the Hebrew bible Beliefs in Christianity - Jesus was the son of God who was sent to save mankind from death and sin → saviour of humanity - through belife in death and resurrection of Jesus Christians can have the right relationship with God - Judgement day: salvation for the faithful Christianity in daily life - The cross, Christmas, Processions, Vatican with Pope Conclusion a lot of similarities including ultimate puropse important function of women same roots History How old is Asian history? → approx. 2200 bc. although... Beijing Man:
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lived over 500,000 years ago, lived in caves, hunter, made tools from stoned, and could make fire Jômon period in Japan: 10,000 bc, clay vessels, patterns of rope, huge increase in population, approx. 540 ac. → Introduction of Chinese script in Japan Korean pottery: 8000 bc., 1300 degrees, celadon technology, trade with China Indus Valley Civilization: 3300 bc., urban development, town planning → Harappa and Mohenjodaro, sea faring, extensive trade of merchants up until China Start of Indonesian population: 2000 bc., people coming from Taiwan, Srivijaya navel kingdom, Hindu and Buddhist influence
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