Settled in tula fifty five miles northeast of the

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Developmental Profiles: Pre-Birth Through Adolescence
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Chapter 7 / Exercise 01
Developmental Profiles: Pre-Birth Through Adolescence
Allen/Marotz
Expert Verified
Settled in Tula, fifty-five miles northeast of the City of Mexico Superb artisans, devout worshipers, skillful tradesmen Toltec was a synonym for “artist” for the Aztecs Under the aegis/protection of Quetzalcoatl, wait for his return Toltecs were separate from Aztecs Aztecs Aztecs/Mexicas were the last of the many nomadic tribes to enter the Valley of Mexico Aztecs arrived during the middle of the 13 th century Were always violently driven away as undesirable foreigners Aztecs and Toltecs spoke the same language but Aztecs were totally uncultured Aztecs’ city found in 1325 Achieved complete independence, able to assimilate old cultural traditions Rich and successful conquerors, richer than Tula and Teotihuacan Tenochtitlan – Emperor Montezuma (a.k.a. Motecuhzoma) Tenochtitlan, the Aztec Metropolis/ the Aztec capital Tenochtitlan was divided into four great sections Two most important places in the capital were the sacred precinct of the main temple and the huge plaza in Tlatelolco that served as a market place. Population of a quarter of a million Spaniards enter a causeway to the south of Tenochtitlan In the location of present day mexico city Middle of a lake Quetzalcoatl Legend Promised to return to Tula/Toltecs Thought Cortes was Quetzalcoatl Originated from the Toltec Ruled the land, but left sailing the ocean toward the east and is supposed to come back from the west Pale skin bearded Huitzilopochtli (Human Sacrifices) War-god of Aztecs, “Giver of Life” and “Preserver of life” Aztec people= “people of the sun” Conquered other nations for two reasons: 1) extend rule of Tenochtitlan, 2) capture human sacrifice victims to “feed the sun” Tlacaelel persuaded Aztec kings to keep a constant supply of captives to sacrifice Huitzilopochtl is the sun god Victims consisted of prisoners from war
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Developmental Profiles: Pre-Birth Through Adolescence
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Chapter 7 / Exercise 01
Developmental Profiles: Pre-Birth Through Adolescence
Allen/Marotz
Expert Verified
Heart of victim offered to the god Thought that the red blood fueled the sun Hernando Cortez (Cortes) Pedro de Alvarado Accompanied by six hundred Spaniards and a great many native allies Entered as guests, but also as “gods coming home” Welcomed by Montezuma who had the belief that the white men must be Quetzalcoatl Moteczuma believed him to be Quetzalcoatl Used La Malinche as interpreter Pedro de Alvarado Second in command to Hernando Cortez Left in charge to watch over Moteczuma after Cortez leaves briefly Orders the attack on Tenochtitlan and worsens the relation b/w the Spaniards and Aztecs The Requerimiento Document When cortez went to mexico, explained to people that pope gave him right to the land. Gave brief history of Christianity. If you don’t convert to Christianity, we can kill you. Required of all Spanish conquistadors to read this to people they encounter.

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