McNamara,Rewriting Zapata Generational Conflict.pdf

25 d ıaz did 21 ibid 448449 hern andez ch avez

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25 ıaz did 21. Ibid, 448–449; Hern´ andez Ch´ avez, Anenecuilco , 208–210. 22. Sotelo Incl´ an, Ra´ ız, 449–450; Hern´ andez Ch´ avez, Anenecuilco, 37. 23. Hern´ andez Ch´ avez, Anenecuilco, 37–42. 24. Sotelo Incl´ an, Ra´ ız, 450–452. In May 1906, a group of villagers from Anene- cuilco and Ayala wrote, ‘‘Acta en la que los vecinos de Anenecuilco y Ayala insisten sobre sus derechos de pastor´ ıa en la hacienda de El Hospital.’’ See Hern´ andez Ch´ avez, Anenecuilco, 212–215. 25. The estate belonged to D´ ıaz’s son-in-law, Ignacio de la Torre. Sotelo Incl´ an, Ra´ ız, 453. 132 Mexican Studies/Estudios Mexicanos This content downloaded from 73.244.149.220 on Mon, 08 Oct 2018 22:59:15 UTC All use subject to
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not meet personally with the villagers, but he sent word to them that he promised to discuss their concerns with Governor Alarc´on and Vicente Alonso Sim´on, the owner of the Hacienda Hospital. 26 The villagers still treated D´ ıaz like a benevolent patriarch, a deus ex ma- china who might intervene from above and resolve their dispute. Whether they truly believed D´ ıaz would help them, they had little choice but to act as if they did. To confront D´ ıaz, to openly consider that he was against them, would signal the end of negotiations and a major obstacle in their legal strategy. By late 1910, they realized that ıaz was part of the problem and that he would need to be removed from office if they were to find a satisfactory resolution. But in 1907 that was not as easy to see, partly because D´ ıaz concealed his plans for repressing the villagers. 27 After the delegation from Anenecuilco had interrupted his vaca- tion, D´ ıaz determined that events in Morelos required greater atten- tion. He met privately with Governor Alarc´on, and they discussed the potential for unrest in the state. D´ ıaz asked Alarc´on to form a new National Guard battalion and to do so secretly, without drawing attention or causing alarm. D´ ıaz began his career in 1855 as leader of a National Guard militia in Ixtl´ an, Oaxaca, and he knew full well the special legal and operational advantages of a state militia as opposed to the federal army. 28 In early May 1907, Alarc´on wrote D´ ıaz a cryptic note about their plans: ‘‘I am ready to organize the National Guard; in ten or twelve days I will be able to arm . . . a thousand men if it were necessary and you ordered me to do so[;] this letter is written by me because I understand that for now you want to proceed with the utmost discretion on this issue that occupies us and that will be the case.’’ 29 On May 15, 1907, Alarc´on informed the president that he was ready to go forward with the formation of a new state militia: Being entirely in agreement with the ideas you have expressed to me per- sonally, I have introduced before the local legislature the Decree, a copy of 26. Brunk, Emiliano Zapata, 16.
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