PSYC
Module 5 Notes.docx

Dispositional traits emerge first early in

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Dispositional traits emerge first early in development when you are very young – you engage in behaviors As you grow into childhood and become an early teen, you begin to develop motivations, goals, and values McAdams states there is a core identity that someone has
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o Core identity is made up by having a person reflect and build stories about themselves Debunk’d Myth – defining feature of dyslexia is reversing letters o Many people believe reading problems people w/ dyslexia have is due to reversing letter o Dyslexia is portrayed in media as visual disorder where people see words backwards Reality – defining feature of dyslexia is difficulty sounding out written words o Dyslexia stems from difficulties w/ phonological processing of written works o Dyslexic people have trouble sounding out phonemes & parsing out words into their phonemes One study compared number of letter reversal errors that dyslexic & non-dyslexic made when spelling words o Children produced same amount of letter reversal errors regardless of dyslexia Another study had children w/ and w/o dyslexia engage in phonological processing tasks like rhyming & matching o Dyslexic children showed impaired performance on phonological processing tasks Expression of Personality in Everyday Life Most people can form a reasonable story w/ real events from life to explain how they’ve become who they are Most people can also explain how they’ve became something that they’re not which undermines the story about you o Maybe the story that you tell about how you became the person you are may not be true Truth or falsity of the story we tell about ourselves is NOT important o What is important is the story we tell about ourselves gives our lives a sense of coherence or meaning You engage in behaviors as a child ( actor ) & you get more contextualized traits as you grow older ( agent ) o We explore issues of identity in our teens and develop sense of coherent identity ( author ) When you get the sense that you really know something, it is their sense of identity o You don’t really get a sense that you know someone until you know how they see themselves o We make very fast judgments about other peoples’ personalities on basis of very little information About 60% of people say you can learn about someone’s personality from their face & overall physical appearance o About 65% of people say you can learn moderate or a lot about someone’s personality from FB profile o About 15% of people say you only learn what they want you to learn about them from FB profile Topic people most talk about when trying to get to know someone is music
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Physical Space Personality research focuses on how people perceive themselves & how cues they give off are perceived by others How people perceive their own personality doesn’t always agree very well w/ how other people perceive them There are 3 broad mechanisms that we use to leave traces of our personalities in our physical spaces o (1) Identity claims
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