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and affinity to the customs and traditions.52To reiterate, the intention of the legislature in enacting R.A. No. 9139 was to make the process of acquiring Philippine citizenship less tedious, less technical and more encouraging which is administrative rather than judicial in nature.A naturalization proceeding is not a judicial adversary proceeding, and the decision rendered therein does not constituteres judicata. A certificate of naturalization may becancelled if it is subsequently discovered that the applicant obtained it by misleading the court upon any material fact. Law and jurisprudence even authorize the cancellation of a certificate of naturalization upon grounds or conditions arising subsequent to the granting of the certificate.59If the government can challenge a final grant of citizenship, with more reason can it appeal the decision of the RTC within the reglementary period despite its failure to oppose the petition before the lower court.IN LIGHT OF ALL THE FOREGOING, the petition is DENIED for lack of merit.D.Loss and Reacquisition of Philippine Citizenship– C.A. 631.Loss of citizenshipa.By naturalization in a foreign countryi) However, this is modified by R.A. 9225, entitled An Act Makingthe Citizenship of Philippine Citizens Who Acquire Foreign Cititzenship Permanent (which took effect September 17, Constitutional Law 1 based on the syllabus of Atty. Remoroza2018-201998
Merzy’s Notes Prelim Exam 2003), which declares the policy of the State thatall Philippine citizens who become citizens of another country shall be deemed notto have lost their Philippine citizenship under the conditions of this Act.ii) Natural-born citizens of the Philippines who have lost theirPhilippine citizenship by reason of their naturalization as citizens of a foreign country are deemed to have reacquired Philippine citizenship upon taking the following oath of allegiance to the Republilc: 7 iii) Natural-born citizens of the Philippines who, after the effectivityof this Act, become citizens of a foreign country shall retain their Philippinecitizenship upon taking the aforesaid oath [Sec. 3, R.A. 9225].iv) The unmarried child, whether legitimate, illegitimate or adopted,below 18 years of age, of those who reacquire Philippine citizenship upon the effectivity of this Act shall be deemed citizens of the Philippinesv) Those who retain or reacquire Phiilippine citizenship under thisAct shall enjoy full civil and political rights and be subject to all attendant liabilitiesand responsibilities under existing laws of the Philippines and the following conditions:va) Those intending to exercise their right of suffrage must meetthe requirements under Sec. 1, Art. V of the Constitution, R.A. 9189, otherwise known as “The Overseas Absentee Voting Act of 2003” and other existing laws;vb) Those seeking elective public office in the Philippines shallmeet the qualifications for holding such public office as required by the Constitution and existing laws and, at the time of the filing of the certificate of candidacy, make a