52 To reiterate the intention of the legislature in enacting RA No 9139 was to

52 to reiterate the intention of the legislature in

This preview shows page 98 - 100 out of 107 pages.

and affinity to the customs and traditions. 52 To reiterate, the intention of the legislature in enacting R.A. No. 9139 was to make the process of acquiring Philippine citizenship less tedious, less technical and more encouraging which is administrative rather than judicial in nature. A naturalization proceeding is not a judicial adversary proceeding, and the decision rendered therein does not constitute res judicata . A certificate of naturalization may be cancelled if it is subsequently discovered that the applicant obtained it by misleading the court upon any material fact. Law and jurisprudence even authorize the cancellation of a certificate of naturalization upon grounds or conditions arising subsequent to the granting of the certificate. 59 If the government can challenge a final grant of citizenship, with more reason can it appeal the decision of the RTC within the reglementary period despite its failure to oppose the petition before the lower court. IN LIGHT OF ALL THE FOREGOING, the petition is DENIED for lack of merit. D. Loss and Reacquisition of Philippine Citizenship – C.A. 63 1. Loss of citizenship a. By naturalization in a foreign country i) However, this is modified by R.A. 9225, entitled An Act Making the Citizenship of Philippine Citizens Who Acquire Foreign Cititzenship Permanent (which took effect September 17, Constitutional Law 1 based on the syllabus of Atty. Remoroza 2018- 2019 98
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Merzy’s Notes Prelim Exam 2003), which declares the policy of the State that all Philippine citizens who become citizens of another country shall be deemed not to have lost their Philippine citizenship under the conditions of this Act. ii) Natural-born citizens of the Philippines who have lost their Philippine citizenship by reason of their naturalization as citizens of a foreign country are deemed to have reacquired Philippine citizenship upon taking the following oath of allegiance to the Republilc: 7 iii) Natural-born citizens of the Philippines who, after the effectivity of this Act, become citizens of a foreign country shall retain their Philippine citizenship upon taking the aforesaid oath [Sec. 3, R.A. 9225]. iv) The unmarried child, whether legitimate, illegitimate or adopted, below 18 years of age, of those who reacquire Philippine citizenship upon the effectivity of this Act shall be deemed citizens of the Philippines v) Those who retain or reacquire Phiilippine citizenship under this Act shall enjoy full civil and political rights and be subject to all attendant liabilities and responsibilities under existing laws of the Philippines and the following conditions: va) Those intending to exercise their right of suffrage must meet the requirements under Sec. 1, Art. V of the Constitution, R.A. 9189, otherwise known as “The Overseas Absentee Voting Act of 2003” and other existing laws; vb) Those seeking elective public office in the Philippines shall meet the qualifications for holding such public office as required by the Constitution and existing laws and, at the time of the filing of the certificate of candidacy, make a
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