Symbolism cognition metaphoric co engagement of the

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Symbolism, cognition – metaphoric co-engagement of the domains? Social experience – projection of experience-near human relations to other relations? Lecture #4 (January 17 th ): Bruno Latours two great divides: o Divide between nature and culture (society o Moderns from the pre-moderns Primitive people being closer to nature Perceived that the primitives are very natural societies where the social and the natural are heavily overlapped Pre modern actors understand their own identities see themselves completely meshed. No need for distinction between natural and social Different kinds of networks o Centralized: power comes from one place o Delegated: powers given to certain people o distributive: communal Bruno: Agency at the time of anthropense o The thorough entanglement of humans in networks connecting the human and planetary phenomena is now inescapable because in the time of the anthropocene, not only have human actions generated that change, but the effects of those changes have become palpable in our earthly experience o The distance between the human and the other than human is no more; a distance no longer available to support an older notion of objectivity :that was unable to take into account the active subject of history… the very notion of objectivity has been totally subverted by the presence of humans in the phenomena to be described” o Key problem: “how to understand the active role of human agency not only in the construction of facts , but also in the very existence of the phenomena those facts are trying to document? o In stupid words: we are responsible for the planetary changes. However, we are not the only network that is responsible for changes Lecture #5 (January 19 th ): Animism and Totemism What is the difference between Animism and Totemism? o Seem to be intimately connected. o Scientists though that people who believe in it are childly superstitious Evolutionist bias: o A progressive developmental sequence in religion cognition
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Animism Polytheism Monotheism o 19 th century anthropologist understood animism, the occupation of nature by myriad spirits, as a form of religion specific to primitive societies, at an early evolutionary phase o Likewise Totemism: Statements about the animal ancestry of clans for example were discounted as superstitious error.
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