produced, rather than to seed production values. The data in Table 5.4 clearly indicate that all States receive benefits from the incidental pollination provided by bees. It is also clear that these incidental benefits greatly exceed the value of paid pollination services – the payments made to beekeepers by farmers to ensure that bees are placed in close proximity to crops for which bee pollination is considered vital (see section 5.3 above). The agricultural community is therefore receiving a large benefit as a result of the activities of the apiary industry. Table 5.4 Value of unpaid pollination services ($ million) 33
Economic Value and Environmental Impact of the Australian Beekeeping Industry STATE VALUE OF POLLINATION SERVICES New South Wales Victoria Queensland South Australia Western Australia Tasmania 347.25 251.47 298.88 165.64 89.05 59.28 Australia 1,211.57 The data in Table 5.4 thus provide an assessment of the value of pollination services provided in each State, which is consistent across each State and which are, in total, in agreement with previous estimates prepared for Australia as a whole. In contrast to estimates prepared by individual States, these valuation estimates are truly comparable. 5.7 Validation of data However, some concern has been expressed by both the agricultural sector and the beekeeping industry in relation to use of the ABS data on gross value of agricultural commodities produced in this analysis. Both sectors believe that the ABS data are demonstrably low, and thus any valuation based on these data would also be significantly underestimated. In the light of these concerns, data on selected production values were obtained from different sources in Queensland. This State was selected as a test case purely on the grounds of having access to more direct sources of data, via the Queensland Department of Primary Industries (QDPI), and from agricultural producers using the services of bees for pollination. The analysis conducted for this study has indicated a total value of pollination services in Queensland of around $300 million. The more direct sourcing of production data would indicate that the concerns over use of the ABS data may be well founded, as some major anomalies were identified, viz. : - the ABS lists the value of rock melons produced in Queensland as $26 million for 1994/95. Information from QDPI, from local records in the two major centres only (the Burdekin and Bundaberg) suggest a value of rock melon production of $40 million. Local sources believe these figures underestimate the value of export rock melons, and that the “true” value of rock melon production should be in the order of $50 to $70 million. - the ABS data indicates a value of strawberry production for Queensland of $11 million, while QDPI data estimates strawberry production to be worth $35 million.
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- Fall '19
- Beekeeping, Honey bee, Australian Beekeeping Industry