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Muslims witnesses from anjanwa had not yet returned

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Muslims witnesses from Anjanwa had not yet returned to the village when they met the Tribunal.The police ehowki is located barely 15 km away from the village and if they had performed their dutylives would not have been lost, women would not have been raped, homes would not have beenburnt and the masjid would not have been destroyed. According to the sarpanch, he had informedthe local MLA, and minister Prabhatsingh Chauhan, who said that he had informed the PSI. However,when the police reached the village, they said that the MLA had not given them any informationtelling them, instead, that the Muslims of Anjanwa were safe and so there was no need for them togo there. On March 6, the witness submitted a complaint of the crimes to the DSP, the collector andpersonally to the Santrampur police station.In Anjanwa, there were a total of 5-600 homes, of which about 40 belong to Muslims with about 210Muslim inhabitants. The persons killed, including 4 persons from Munafbhai Shaikh’s family are:Saeeda Hanief, his cousin’s wife, Tayyeba Shabbir, her son Mehfooza Shabbir and daughter RaziaShabbir; Zubeida Faroukh, her 2-year-old son Adnan Faroukh and Rukaiya Gafur. They were allthrown into the well after being killed. All the women who were killed were gang raped first.The accused: One of the accused is in the army, Salam Hawa (who was arrested and then released);Kanu Dalpa; Rai Singh Mula; Balu Kalu (they are Barias, i.e., OBCs). Rupa Soma, one of the mainaccused, is an Adivasi.It was only after all these people were murdered that the army arrived from Godhra on March 6 andit was only after that that the police came from Santrampur. They called out to all the people tocome forward because the army had arrived. It took them as long as 11/2 hours to round up all the
people hiding in the jungle. Then the victim-survivors, including women and children, were put intocars and taken to the camp.A major complaint of this witness as well as others from Panchmahal was that, the collector onlyvisited when a big delegation came.Hanifa, another eyewitness and survivor from Anjanwa, who deposed before the Tribunal, lost threebrothers, Kalu Gulab, Abbas Gulab and Oomer Gulab, to the marauding mob which attacked them asthey were going to pray at the ma yid on Friday afternoon, March 1. She described how one of herbrothers was cut into four pieces, the other into three, and the third was hit and killed with a sword.This witness, who was at the Godhra camp, relived the sheer terror of running in the jungle, withoutfood or water for 4 whole days, while the mob tried to find them. She said that had the army andpolice not finally arrived on March 6, even she would have not survived.ATHAWAWALAWitnesses before the Tribunal said that in Athawawala village, Muslims were being openly told byprominent persons from the village if they wanted to return they must accept the Hindu religion. Inthis village the well-planned attack began from the February 28, when witnesses who deposedbefore the Tribunal saw that the aggressors leading the mobs were carrying a complete list detailingall the Muslim houses and where they were located. Witnesses also said that it was with the help ofthis list that the mob attacked Muslims homes and carried out arson with explosive materials. Forexample, one of the techniques used by the mob, as one eyewitness attested, was that some people

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Term
Spring
Professor
JANE SMITH
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