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the criteria for how the former Confederacy could get back into the Union. In 1867 when the Congressional phase started, the criteria became even more strict in order to get back into the Union. The Radical Republican Congress sought to safeguard the rights and liberties of African-Americans, and for a time, it succeeded at least in part (History, 2020). The South was treated as a defeated nation by the United states. In 1861, the Confederacy believed that secession was a right to be held by the states which basically meant if a state voluntarily joined the Union then it could also voluntarily leave the Union. Abraham Lincoln did not recognize the right to secede. Inhis view the states were in “rebellion” but not a separate nation (Sobran, 2012).
The Compromise of 1877 was the political bargain that ended the Reconstruction Era. The year prior Rutherford Hayes ran in the presidential election as a Republican and Samuel Tilden ran as a Democrat. The party of the Reconstruction was the Republicans and due to that along with lingering animosity from the Civil War, the South was conquered by Democrats causing the election being decided by an electoral commission (History Editors, 2019). It was a tough decision for the commission because the Reconstruction would end if Hayes was chosen leaving no hope for the rights of the African Americans. Consequently, southern democrats promised to protect civil and political rights of blacks were not kept (History, 2019).”ReferencesHistory. (2020). Reconstruction. Retrieved from History: History. (2019). Compromise of 1877. Retrieved from History: OpenStax. (2019). U.S. history. OpenStax CNX. Retrieved from Sobran, J. (2012, December 3). The Right to Secede. Retrieved from THE IMAGINATIVE CONSERVATIVE :