IB U.S History The Struggle for Black Equality Chapter 5-6.pdf

Sclc actions 24what did kennedy want to include in

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-SCLC actions 24.What did Kennedy want to include in his new civil rights legislation? -to create a community relations service to decrease any violence from the black. fear of marching. - to improve blacks status and empower the government to do more 25.What was the purpose of the 1963 March on Washington? -marching could serve as a representation for people with demands and to give their grievances under non violent leader -dramatizes the problem that people didn't know first hand 26.How does John Lewis’ speech that day illustrate the cracks in the civil rights movement? - altering the demonstration for jobs and freedom - it shadowed the division in the movement that blacked the movement Chapter 6 1. Why did black racism develop? The movement made hopes that it could not be fulfilled -It created a new sense of racial gratification that bordered on being black racism. -Many who struggled for racial justice became disappointed with the American society, unwilling to compromise, and scornful of white support, as white racist violence did not end 2. What did Lawrence Guyot mean when he said, “There is a relationship between your not being able to feed your children and your not registering vote”? What statistics support this? -that if you can’t do one, you can’t do the other. -1/20 black adults only could register to vote -the median black family income was $1,444 which was barely a third that of Mississippi white 3. Why was there potential for black political power in Mississippi? - due to Mississippi's 916,000 blacks making 42% of the state population - mostly of in more than a third of its counties 4. What was the Freedom Vote Campaign and why was it successful? -a freedom election hosted by Moses to support and represent that blacks longed to vote for awhile now -When Mississippi whites went to the polls, nearly 80,000 disenfranchised blacks cast freedom ballots for Aaron Henry for governor and for the Reverend Edwin King, the white captain of Tougaloo College, for lieutenant governor. -It was successful due to the disproval of the white declaration that Mississippi blacks didn’t vote due of their lack of interest and it provided psychological aide that Moses thought needed for politically organizing blacks 5. What were the objections to using white students to help with the Mississippi voting drive? -The invitation of whites indicated an admission weakness by blacks, a compromise that blacks could
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not deal with the situation -Moses realized that the presence of young whites might provide protection against blatant acts of violence. (suggested by Allard Lowenstein, a white liberal activist). -This brought national attention to the Freedom Election, as well as more security for African American registration workers.
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