The aftermath of the loss wounded Germany, and the surrender in Stalingrad shocked the entire world. The battle had not only destroyed the entire Sixth Army but also all the Hungarian, Romanian, and Italian armies that had been sent to fight during the battle of Stalingrad (P. Hoyt 279). Hitler had taken these small Axis armies as reinforcements during the battle but when the Sixth Army surrendered then these armies were left to be hunted by the Russians which led to a need for German retreat. Also, this battle had caused the Eastern Front to fall into Russian favor, who had a growing army and industry due to the time the battle gave Russia. However, Germany could never reach full strength because of this battle which gave the Russians an even larger advantage on the Eastern Front. The battle caused Germany to retreat, since Germany could not match the growing Russian
Rihn 6industry after the German surrender. The battles that followed on the Eastern Front were dominated by the Russians who began to have a growing industry and to start large offensive attacks. These offensives by the Red Army pushed the Eastern Front out of Russia. The German’s could not sustain the Eastern Front with the growingRed Army and were force to retreat. This was an impactful win for Russia because of the risks that were placed on the battle. If Paulus won at Stalingrad then the Volga River would have been open to the Germans (P. Hoyt, 102). This would allow the Germans to easily capture Moscow since Stalin had invested all of Russia’s resources to fight the Battle of Stalingrad. If Moscow fell then that would cause a political vacuum to occur all over Russia, but Russia won the Battle of Stalingrad and thereby instead were able to end the German campaign in Russia withthe losses of Hitler’s largest armies.Overall the Battle of Stalingrad staved off the fall of Russia because of the Russian willingness to sacrifice and the interference of Hitler along with his costly decisions. The battle also caused Germany to retreat because after the surrender then Germany and the Axis powers had lost major armies and allowed the Red Army to grow stronger than any Germany army left on the Eastern Front. These events allowed the Battle of Stalingrad to be the turning point of the war since the recovered Red Army pushed the Wehrmacht back to Berlin from Stalingrad. Overall, in war any mistake made can cost the success of the war with the persistency and willingness of the enemy.
Rihn 7Works Cited:Hayward, Joel. Stalingrad: An Examination of Hitler's Decision to Airlift. 1997.Hellbeck, Jochen. Stalingrad: the City That Defeated the Third Reich. PublicAffairs, 2016.Hoffman, William. “Diary of a German Soldier.” Sources of the Western Tradition, II, pp. 414–417.Hoyt, Edwin Palmer. 199 Days: the Battle for Stalingrad. Robson Books, 2001.Robertson, William Glenn, et al. Block by Block: the Challenges of Urban Operations. Combat Studies Institute, US Army Command and General Staff College Press, 2003.
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