Culmination of generations long efforts by indigenous

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Biology
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Chapter 1 / Exercise 13
Biology
Martin/Solomon
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culmination of generations-long efforts by Indigenous organizations to get international attention, to secure recognition for their aspirations, and to generate support for their political agendas• The Right to self-determination - to freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development. It includes Right to land, territory and natural resources and allow them to Exercise their rights collectively • Hodenosaunee -also know as the Iroquois or six nations-powerful Native American confederacy they still need and install chief , they live by their own constitution• John TorpeyJohn Torpey worte a book called "the invention of the password" which was published in 2000.
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Biology
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Chapter 1 / Exercise 13
Biology
Martin/Solomon
Expert Verified
• Invention of the passport -book written by john torpey on identification tehcnologyPassport is a technology to allow the state to create and regulate an exclusive membership for itscitizens.• The Treaty of Westphalia 1648 A peace settlement of three treaties that ended the conflict between Spain and the Netherlands, end conflict between the Holy Roman Empire with France/Spain Markedthe beginning of the end of the imperial organisation and the movement towards territorial states as the centre of politics Promoted state autonomy and sovereignty, principle of non-intervention in the affairs of other states• Global Compact for Migration1.Key arguments of each theory (what are the variables that determine development or underdevelopment?)2.Contexts (political and economic background)3.Key theorists4.Different development actors that each theory emphasizes (the state or market?) 5.Limitations (what are the fundamental obstacles or assumptions)6.Intersections among theoriesKeynesianismCharacteristicsoStrong state intervention in economy and provision of welfareoIntersectional labour transfer from agricultural sector to industrial sectoroState has to invest in industry and state-led developmentContexto1930s Great Depression -- ideas of strong state intervention (Roosevelt New Deal) TheoristsoKeynes, Arthur Lewis (dual-sector model)Main development actoroStateLimitationsoAssumption that developed economy model will fit in developing countries, where there are not fully employed labour, perfect competition hard to achieve without capital and technologyoCan lead to undemocratic regimes
Modernization theoryKey argumentsoDeveloping countries should follow the West example to develop economically and politically through industrialization, bureaucratization, democratization and secularization, without following the Communist path. Modernization is diffused by modern values and institutions.oThe end goal is democratizationoThe enemy to Development is Traditional Society, because it is based on a subsistence agricultural economy, and its traditional values are incompatible with democracy. oMass industrialization leads to development because it created economic benefit, urban-rural migration so urbanization, new technology, higher consumption

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