Were more influential in era rather than latin

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were more influential in era rather than Latin Christian; have become pilgrimage for the people in the area43 feet tall, the roof of the sculpture is 40 by 40 feet tall sculpted in relief Inside is an all hollowed out dome beneath the cruciform roof Great Enclosure of the Great Zimbabwe ZimbabweYear: 14thCenturyHave massive empire that size of Spain; 1 million people in the empire; Great Zimbabwe is capital of Shona people;Zimbabwe Means houses of stones; houses made from local stones; includes 3 era; hill ruins; valley ruins & the great enclosureWall 800 ft. long 32 ft. high; thickest point is 17 ft. which is the base; is triangular shapedoesn’t use mortar to connect bricks; use mass & gravity to stay togetherstart thick & then gets narrow which gives a lot of strength Believed to be royal residence; very heavy looted in the past and because of looting the purity is ruinedWalls follow contour of landscape; instead of taking out hill to make the wall, you make the wall to complement the hill; allow it to be part of the hill; use local stones to complement the landscapeHas pattern masery at the point; double zigzag pattern; have the pattern but no one is sure as to what that means; think its not for defense; wall that protects royalty from normal peopleKing is divine so need a place to protect the diving king; the wall is a proclamation that says kings power; very strategic place in middleCould be center of culture as well as capital; inside the walls there are different stones & different patternsLargest structure is the conical tower; One of the last structures to be added in tower; masery has changed so you know it was made at a different time; purpose is unknown but is believed to be silos; if it a silo it is not hallow so scholar think they took shape of silo and could be a symbol that king is a giver of prosperity and is generousMonolith ZimbabweYear: 15thCentury
8 have been found most come from royal hill; maybe grave markers or might be makers to ancestors; covered with decoration and symbols;Bird like creature on top that has 5 toes which makes it more human like Crocodile and bird represent previous rulerstaken from a women’s grave who was the queen; ruler’s 1stwifeEagles meditate between the earth and sky and bring lightning and have this communication with heaven; eagle represents the kings ancestors We see unification of two families; chevron & circles seem to have royal symbol Circles below the bird are called “eyes of crocodile” and may symbolically represent the wife’s elder family ancestorsCrocodile in front of the monolith could represent male ancestors of wife; chevron may represent the younger ancestors who have been dead for a short time; circles= female ancestorsWaist Pendant of the Queen Mother NigeriaYear: 1520Tribute to the kings mother; made of ivory and it is a royal material; its 9 & ½ inches; mother was a war lord

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