American Anti- Slavery Society -Founded in 1833-1350 local chapters by 1838 with 250,000 members -Organized and prompted speaking tours for antislavery agents and slave runaways -Distributed antislavery literature. The Abolitionists: -Concentrated in the North’s middle class -Attracted younger women and men, raised in rural areas and small towns -Drew devout evangelical protestants, revival converts -Regarded slavery as the root of every evil in American society and a usurpation of divine prerogative. -Aimed to convince through “moral suasion”—appeals to the individual conscience. -Elaborated the concept of the “slave power” -Denounced racism and doctrines of white supremacy.
3/2/18 Fredrick Douglass -Baltimore oTotal population: 200k oFree blacks: 30k oSalves: <7k -Efforts to escape o1836: failed o1838: succeeded through the underground railroad. -Fredrick Douglass on Slavery oDeprives people of the opportunity for an education. oDeprives its victims of the capacity to feel oDeprives its victims of individually oDeprives the victims of the rewards of hard work. oDeprives its victims of family and kinship ties. oThe slaveholders know they are cruel, corrupts them. oWomen were raped and treated awfully. -Why does he write this bibliography? oPersuade people to be abolitionists. oConvince people the damages of slavery. -Why does he say that he’s half white? oHe believes that if the southern slave holders can do it to him, then what’s stopping the northern whites from doing the same to the free blacks. This makes this piece genius as propaganda. 3/5/18 The Abolitionists -Concentrated in the North’s Middle Class -Attracted younger women and men, raised in rural areas-Regarded slavery as the root of every evil in American society and a “usurpation of divine prerogative” claiming a power that belonged only to god. Radicalizing American Antislavery -Militancy of free blacks-Antislavery sentiment emerged in the West
oHumanitarianism: Sympathy for the suffering of others and benevolence toward them identifies individuals as person of elevated feelings. oThe enlightenment’s confidence in reason and belief in the possibility of progress through reason. -The example of British abolitionism -Nat Turner’s rebellion o-1807: British outlawed the slave trade -1820: British antislavery leaders adopted immediate -1833: An act of the British Parliament emancipated 800,000 slaves in the Caribbean. Could The U.S follow the British path to emancipation. -Sugar planters in the British Caribbean had nothing like the political influence enjoyed by planters in the American south. -The costs of compensation: More than 2 million slaves in the U.S by 1830. (4 million by 1860. oValued at $10 trillion in today’s money. 20% of the total U.S wealth. oStates, not the federal government would pay the costs of compensating slave owners.