Research report - National Child Labour Action Programme for South Africa (1).doc

When restitution projects start downscaling over the

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labour. When restitution projects start downscaling over the next years the money so released should or two should be used for an increased redistribution programme, which sufficient pre- planned post-settlement support. Lead institution: DLA . Secondary institution: DrA . New policy? Elaboration of existing policy. Once off cost: moderate (design of upscaling). Recurrent cost: significant, but funds made available through expected downscaling of restitution programme. Time line: within five years of adoption of policy. Proposals discussed elsewhere, that should also assist children working in subsistence agriculture: (a) Allowing more flexible school hours could allow older children to help their families with necessary tasks, especially during busy seasons – see (72). Without this the families will be poorer, and the children further deprived, or the child will not attend school regularly. (b) Facilities for boarding , discussed at (71), would also assist children from deep rural areas. However, children at boarding school would not be available to work in busy seasons or harvest times. This would particularly affect families dependent on subsistence agriculture. (c) Areas where children spend long hours in subsistence agriculture should be one of the criteria for targeting poverty alleviation initiatives . See (5). (d) Drafting on guidelines on what work by children is acceptable and what not, made known through an educational and awareness campaign aimed at subsistence farmers . See (101). 5.10 Retail and related The retail and related sector includes accommodation establishments and fixing of motor vehicles. In the sectoral discussions, provision of services such as washing and guarding of cars, and services in the taxi industry were also included. For the sake of simplicity, all these activities are referred to as 'retail'. According to the SAYP, the retail industry has the second highest number of working children, regardless of the hour cut-off used. Thus 45% of working girls and 27% of working boys were in the wholesale and retail trade. Most of these children were working in informal rather than formal situations. Half of them were working without pay in a family business, such as a spaza shop. About one third worked for themselves and the remainder for someone else. Retail work was prioritised by only two of the nine provinces during consultation workshops. The sectoral workshop on the retail sector was also poorly attended. Work in retail and services is, however, clearly something that needs attention if the BCEA is to be taken seriously. A number of areas of specific concern emerged during workshops. These areas are discussed separately below, together with the proposed steps to be taken to address them.
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5.10.1 Work in retail establishments, including informal The sectoral determination for the retail sector is meant to cover all retail establishments, big or small, formal or informal. In theory, coverage should include informal stalls and spaza shops. The Department of Labour is responsible for monitoring and policing the sectoral determination.
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