Talcott parsons adopted functionalist perspective to

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Talcott Parsons adopted functionalist perspective to sociology integrated Max Weber's principles Structural theorists are concerned about how systematic subunits contribute to the survival of the system as a whole Adaptation system that forms relationships with the external environment Goal Attainment management function involving the mobilization and use of resources Integration coordination of the parts of the system control is established deviancy is thwarted internal stability is maintained Latent pattern maintenance ensure continuity of actions in the system Implications survival is made possible by efficiency and stability change is viewed as an adaptive adjustment to restore equilibrium General Systems science of wholeness Closed Systems self-contained entity with interrelationships as the primary objects Negative Entropy (negentropy) processes enabling systems to maintain homeostatic equilibrium systems are seen as purposive equifinality
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end state can be reached by a variety of paths Feedback signals to the system's structure and its own functioning in relation to the environment Differentiation specialization Thompson reinstates closed systems rational organizations possess both open and closed systems complementary Task Environment part of the environment that are relevant to goal setting and goal attainment Technical Core efficient performance of tasks Rational Organizations minimize the power of task environment attain prestige increase power over who they depend on Walter Buckley systems are self-entities Russell Ackoff complexities of social problems Gawthorp public organizations need to be defined and redefined to fit the environment concerned on how managers deal with problems Harmon Chapter 10 Basic assumptions of social science not fundamentally different from natural science may be used to reveal objective account of organizational life Six elements of synthesis 1) industrial and organizational interests exist in tension with one another 2) rational model of action misrepresents and limits actions in individual, social, and organizational contexts
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