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Apart from economic rewards – prestige, honor, respect, sense of importance to communityChapter 38: Population Change and Public PolicyWhen populations grow, some groups expand and others shrink in relation to one anotherAging is a crucial feature, so is immigrationPublic policy on the changing demographics can take two forms: it can attempt to influence the course of demographic events, or it can ensure that society makes the adjustments necessary to accommodate the population changeChapter 40: HPV Vaccination and Male CircumcisionThe Human Papillomavirus (HPV) has become controversial with the creation of a vaccine for prevention of the development of cancers that are affiliated with the virus.It is more common for women to suffer cancers from HPV uptake. Researchers have created this intervention, an HPV vaccination, and it is most effective in girlsProposals to promote circumcision as HIV preventative among boys and men have gone largely uncontested in the United StatesEfforts to implement the HP vaccine raised an outcry among parents, politicians, and policy makers. Much contention focused on the possibility that intervention – that is, the use of the vaccine – would lead to promiscuity among preteen and teenage girlsoBegan labelling it the “promiscuity vaccine”Parents are more apt to consent to risks on behalf of their children for the sake of prevention and may even choose procedures for their children that they wouldn’t choose for themselvesCultural assumptions about youth and gender suggest that (some) young women (white, middle-class, heterosexual, without disability) are to be protected, while young men are largely expected, if not outright encouraged, to exercise their sexuality.Some experts welcomes circumcision as a sexual health intervention that, by targeting men, shifts some of the burden of sexual health from women, even as they continued to worry that, because circumcision was not 100% protective, women remain exposed to risk.oUsually disproportionately target young women because their potential for pregnancy makes their role in reproduction more obvious and more salientHPV vaccination and circumcision contribute to the ongoing construction of gender (including “good” and “bad” men and women), race, and sexuality. oIt is precisely at these intersections of bodies with technologies that the “double standard” is reproduced.Chapter 4: The Study Design for a Survey of American Sexual Behavior
Sexual intercourse in our society is thought as private and intimateProbability sampling: every member of a specified population has a known probability of selectionChapter 5: Ethical Issues in Disaster Research: Lessons from Hurricane KatrinaTopics and research participants are vulnerableMust have voluntary informed consentSubject compensation may skew population pool – more of those in need of resourcesSchools are the gatekeepers of access to studentsoParents must sign informed consent even after school’s consent