A series of 7 notes starting on tonic ending on the

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: a series of 7 notes, starting on tonic & ending on the octave repeat (do, re, mi, fa, so, la, ti, [do]) Diatonic scales : contain a pattern of whole & half steps Melodies : pitches & rhythm organized in a memorable way & centering on a tonic Phrases : units of melody often repeated, that are separated with tiny pauses Motive / Motif : smallest recognizable unit of melody, can be based on pitch or rhythm Interval : the relative pitch distance between two notes in melody Conjunct motion : moving from note to note in a melody in small steps (Gregorian chant – easy motions) Disjunct motion : moving from note to note by leaps or large intervals (opera) Range / Tessitura : overall collection of notes; can be wide or narrow (narrow – Gregorian / wide – opera) Dynamics : how loud or soft music is Harmony : the simultaneous sounding of different pitches Texture : the relationship between melodies in a piece Melisma : numerous (3+) notes per syllable Melismatic chant Texture : relationship between melodies Monophonic : one voice / melody can be sung / played by numerous people as long as they are together Polyphany : textures involving more than one melody 1. Parallel organum : add a new voice that moves in parallel (harmonizing)
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2. Free organum : top line is free against original chant 3. Organum : a second (duplum) line & third (triplum) line are added above the original chant (tenor). These added lines are filled with melisma Text setting : a relationship between music and words Humanism : focus on mankind solving its own problems; rise of the middle class; rise of literacy; the printing Press (Johannes Gutenburg) – 1453 Imitative polyphony : successive voices sing the same or very similar melody (SATB) Cadences : musical pauses at the end of a phrase Homophony : similar melodies being performed in different ranges at the same time in the same rhythm 1. Chordal writing : stricting homophony (Josquin) 2. Melody & accompaniment (Bob Dylan) Homophony section : 2 3 2 (meter change)
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