avoidant attachment less frequent sex sex for non-romantic reasons (sex to manipulate someone) secure PSYCHOLOGY: TERROR MANAGEMENT THEORY o Mortality salience: our conscious or unconscious recognition that we will eventually die o When morrtality is made salient, we activate a series of coping mechanisms to relieve anxiety and enhance self-esteem o For sexual behavior: aMortality salience reduces men’s interest in sexy women Maybe because it reminds men that they are biological creatures, and all biological creatures must die Other studies show increase in sexual behavior if they are more comfortable with their bodies and/or physical intimacy VARIATIONS IN SEXUAL BEHAVIORS (videos) Looner – balloon fetish Popper – sexual pleasure from popping balloons. Considers the bursting a metaphor for orgasm BDSM puppy play - Human dressed as a leashed, and muzzled dog
Muscle fetish – Pygmalianism – attraction to human substitutes September 21, VARIATIONS IN SEXUAL BEHAVIOR PARAPHILIAS: patters of sexual behavior that deviate from social and cultural norms Normalcy is culturally relative Distinction from paraphilia and paraphilia disorder o Unusual sexual interests are not inherently pathological o Only becomes a disorder if the individual is distressed or causes (nonconsensual) harm to themselves or others Biopsychosocial in origin o Linked with neurotransmitter levels, prior learning experiences (mouse and leather jacket example), and social skills deficits Much more common among men Usually categorized as o Coercive and victimizing o Noncoercive and nonvictimizing FETISHISM: intense sexual arousal in response to either a nonhuman object, a non-genital body part, or bodily secretion o Fetish object becomes a sexual necessity o Can sometimes be possible for people to be incapable of being sexually aroused without the fetish object o “multi-sensory sexual outlet” like smells, sounds o only becomes a disorder when it results in distress, impairment, or harm o possibly learned (probably) Rachman (1966) classically conditioned a mild boot fetish into male participants Other studies have found that people can develop fetishes for virtually anything, including a jar of pennies (Plaud & Martini, 1999) TRANSVESTISM: cross-dressing for purposes of sexual arousal o NOT the same as transsexualism (transvestites, transgender) o The terms transvestism is somewhat offensive, but that is the term the text uses, so that is what we will use in class o In some cases, the behavior closely resembles as fetish o This is different from drag, because they are doing it more for transformational purposes, not sexual reasons o Most are heterosexual, married men (Doctor & Prince, 1997) o Conditioning and reinforcement are the most likely explanations o Some find the label “transvestite” offensive SADOMASOCHISM:
o MASOCHISTS derive sexual gratification from receiving physical or psychological pain o SADISTS derive sexual gratification from inflicting physical or psychological pain on others o People who practice one do not necessarily practice the other o Mild sadomasochism is common (i.e. spanking, light restraint); extreme as potentially
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 33 pages?
- Fall '08
- Sexual intercourse, Sexual arousal