from leaving the minors make clandestine preparations and only contact their

From leaving the minors make clandestine preparations

This preview shows page 33 - 35 out of 82 pages.

from leaving, the minors make clandestine preparations and only contact their families for money once they get stuck or, worse, kidnapped and held for ransom.” Boofis syndrome: “This urge to leave is described as a psychological syndrome (in Somali language: boofis ), mostly affecting young men, and which is exacerbated by examples of friends and relatives who made it to Europe.” Unrealistic picture: “Most Somalis have an unrealistic picture of Europe before they depart. “They think we live in paradise,” one woman said. Somalis in their homeland expect they will immediately get a job and housing once they arrive.” Income-generating projects and educational opportunities: “All focus groups agreed that secondary migration from camps in Ethiopia and Sudan could be as good as stopped if income-generating projects and educational opportunities were on offer for Somali refugees in the camps.” 19 THE ROLE PLAYED BY SOCIAL MEDIA Social media and networks have contributed to widening the chiasm between the image and reality of migration abroad; while not confronted with the dangers of the migration paths there, or the challenges in finding employment and housing, youth see pictures of fun activities and sights which do not exist in Somaliland and Puntland. Facebook and other forms of social media were repeatedly given as a reason for migration and a reason for the increase in migration. The ease of propagation of overly positive and often staged images of migrant life abroad through sites such as Facebook confirms potential migrants in their optimistic views of opportunities outside their home countries and promotes migration. Even well-educated youth, who may have been recipients of IOM and other awareness campaigns, reported being surprised at the “reality” of Europe when they went. “Facebook and social media have also played a fascinating role. I myself have been to Europe and did not see what I had in mind. Everyone asked me why I was going back to Somalia. But I did not have a pleasant life there in Europe. So, I know they have taken good pictures of parks and buildings and summertime it looks nice. And people they think, why do we live in such a desert place.” (Puntland Development Research Center, Garowe) . This renders the communication and awareness raising strategies of organizations such as IOM even more crucial – as they must not only map the main social media used by Somali youth, but also understand adequate ways to engage 19 UNHCR, They think we live in Paradise , Diaspora – Focus Group Discussions with Somalis, Melita H. Sunjic, UNHCR-Brussels, February 2014.
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34 IOM Somalia - Research on Youth, Employment and Migration youth into a larger critical debate to properly inform their decisions; it also confirms that the potential of those campaigns should not be over-estimated, considering the strong attraction THE KEY ROLE OF THE MIDDLEMEN (MAGAFE) IN MIGRATION One word came up repeatedly in interviews – “magafe.” As described by the Deputy Minister of Planning in Garowe, “magafe” means “person who never misses.” These people have
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  • Fall '17
  • IOM, Human migration, Somaliland

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