Compared to earlier hominins, H. sapiensmade some incredible advancements within a short time. This certainly had a lot to do with the large brains that H. sapienshad evolved. The species spread farther than any of our earlier ancestors had. Culture and technology became very important. Because of technological advancements that made life easier, like the atlatl, H. sapienshad free time to devote to art. Anthropologists don't know when it first started happening, but H. sapiensstarted developing spoken communication, too! As our species continued to develop from early H. sapiens, all of those developments would prove to beextremely important.
Vocabulary for College ReadinessFor college readiness, it is important to understand academic and subject-specific terms. These SAT words are presented throughout the lessons to expand your vocabulary.Fettered- trappedHierarchy- social structure that includes different levelsInhibit- prevent, restrain, stopRelegate-to assign to the proper placeBiased- likely to favor one group or individual over othersThe Role of Social Groups Analyze the role of social groups and the existence of social stratification.social group--(noun) A collection of people with a shared sense of communityformal social group--(noun) A social group with a specific name and missioninformal Social Group--(noun) A social group with no specific name or missionfend--(verb) Look afterabusive--(adjective) HarmfulSocial GroupsThe term "social" means "having to do with people," so social groups can be large or small groups of people. At the most basic level, people need social groups to survive. Without parents, infants die. Without families, young children have no homes and no sense of identity. Without a community, people of all ages must fend for themselves. Some will survive,but others won't.In the modern American world, though, social groups offer much more than survival. They help us figure out who we are. What's more, they allow us to
be ourselves. Most people in America are part of many different social groups, all at the same time.Social groups are important because they help you toUnderstand where you fit in your communityBuild relationships at many different levelsLearn cultural normsA group of employees at a place of businessFeel secure, valued, and respectedFind outlets for your many different sidesOf course, it is possible to be part of a social group that does not support you or that supports you poorly. For example, you might be part of an abusive family. You could be a member of a religious group whose beliefs you don't share. You could be a part of a school or work community that treats you badly.When that happens, you mayFeelfetteredby your social communityBe unable to make healthy relationships outside of your social groupsBe undervalued, insecure, or disrespectedHave little opportunity to grow or express yourselfSometimes, it's possible to change your social connections. Many people