In fact it was officially banned in thailand and

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Introductory Psychology
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Chapter 12 / Exercise 10
Introductory Psychology
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In fact, it was officially banned in Thailand and Singapore, for example, and the U.S. government repeatedly tried to prosecute the owners of Playboy for obscenity. Opposition to Playboy con- tinued for years, as it broke taboo after taboo-for instance, by publishing the first model showing pubic hair in the late 1960s. Meanwhile its sales soared, along with the growth of men's lifestyle magazines (Benwell, 2003), especially in conservative parts of the United States. The money reaped from this magazine and similar enterprises is phenomenal and has encouraged many imitators. The first issue of Playboy with Marilyn Monroe as its covergirl and its centerfold caused quite a scandal. Looking at this cover today, you might wonder what all the fuss was about. It seems hard to understand such an extreme reaction to a magazine that many people now regard as iconic of mainstream American culture. However, there were serious critiques of the male sexual objectification of women, as exemplified by Playboy. The criticism prob- ably increased the appeal of these publications to American boys who over the years pur- chased and masturbated to pornography in the course of growing up. For this reason and due to its status as an icon, movies and television sitcoms often use Playboy as a prop for male characters who need to give a sperm sample for medical purposes. Hard-core pornograph y , which depicts penetrative sex and aggressive, raw sexual interactions between adults, followed the first issue of Playboy by about 10 years. Hustler, the iconic magazine of hard-core pornography, was produced for heterosexual men who wanted more explicit sexual material than was offered in Playboy. It became the focus of (1) highly publicized censorship battles and lawsuits to prevent it from being sold, (2) a govern- ment commission on pornography, and (3) court decisions that upheld the right to pub- lish hard-core porn under the First Amendment of the Constitution protecting free speech (Abramson Pinkerton, & Huppin, 2003). Similar censorship efforts and lawsuits have been brought against strip clubs that feature topless and bottomless dancers or lap dancers, which are still banned in some parts of the United States. In these cases, the local community standards of what people consider "obscene" come into play, though the Internet may be having an effect on this process, too. As sexual norms began to change in the United States, people began to produce more diverse soft and hard-core pornography for women, gays, and couples. These forms include X-rated movies, numerous porn magazines, and websites designed for heterosexual women and for gay men. Moving away from the magazines and videos, pornography has migrated to a digi- tal format-in a thousand different forms-serving the straight and the gay, and all in between. Self-produced home videos of people having sex are common, often free to view, kinky sex A form of sexual interaction that may involve pain and ritual rules, pushing sexuality to the extreme.
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Introductory Psychology
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Chapter 12 / Exercise 10
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