Collapse of distinction between high and low culture

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Collapse of distinction between high and low culture Megaplexes: expansion of high quality multi-plexes (in 2000, 38 000 screens- an all time high); stadium seating, plush, digital sound, glossy common areas. Perfect for big opening weekends, and selling concessions. Growth of Indie Filmmaking New labor policies that allowed technicians to work on non-union productions. Also the rise of Sundance film festival (instrumental in the rise of Spike Lee, Steven Soderbergh, Quentin Tarantino). 1. “arty indies” – too experimental for H’wood (Jim Jarmusch, Richard Linklater, Todd
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Haynes, Harmony Korine...Kelly Reichardt) 2. “off-Hollywood indies” – lower budgets and risky subjects/plots (Woody Allen, Robert Altman, David Lynch, Steven Soderbergh, Coen brothers, Quentin Tarantino, etc.) 3. “retro-Hollywood independents” – genres being ignored by the major studios (horror, intimate drama, historical/literary adaptations). 4. “shoestring” or “DIY Indies” – like The Blair Witch Project , Tarnation (Jonathan Caouette, 2003), mumblecore But how “indie” when the Majors buy up independent film producers/distributors? Alternative Film Aesthetics: from the Dogme 95 Manifesto “Today a technological storm is raging, the result of which will be the ultimate democratization of the cinema. For the first time, anyone can make movies .... ...As never before, the superficial action and the superficial movie are receiving all the praise. The result is barren. An illusion of pathos and an illusion of love .... Today a technological storm is raging of which the result is the elevation of cosmetics to God. By using new technology anyone at any time can wash the last grains of truth away in the deadly embrace of sensation. The illusions are everything the movie can hide behind. DOGME 95 counters the film of illusion by the presentation of an indisputable set of rules known as THE VOW OF CHASTITY. 1. Shooting must be done on location. Props and sets must not be brought in... 2. The sound must never be produced apart from the images or vice versa .... 3. The camera must be hand-held. Any movement or immobility attainable in the hand is permitted .... 4. The film must be in colour. Special lighting is not acceptable .... 5. Optical work and filters are forbidden. 6. The film must not contain superficial action. (Murders, weapons, etc.) 7. Temporal and geographical alienation are forbidden. (the film takes place here and now.) 8. Genre movies are not acceptable. 9. The film format must be Academy 35 mm. 10. The director must not be credited.”
The Majors Today (“Big Six”) with parent company (media conglomerate) in parentheses: Universal (Comcast) Walt Disney Studios (Disney) Warner Bros. Pictures (Time Warner) 20 th Century Fox (21 st Century Fox; News Corporation prior to 2013) Columbia (Sony) Paramount (Viacom) Mini-majors (a group that fluctuates – this list ca. April 2016): Lionsgate The Weinstein Company Open Road CBS Films STX Entertainment A24 "I don't consider myself to be working in 'this industry.' I didn't find the industry that inviting. So to me it's just been trying to figure out how to make films outside of it. Do it

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