It also provides valuable opportu nities for

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their own learning. It also provides valuable opportu- nities for collaborative learning. We can and do provide safe programmes for stu- dents with special educational needs. In mainstream schools, communicating with resource teachers and learning support teachers can be a first step in adapt- ing content and methodologies for a diverse range of students. Varying learning strategies, planning activi- ties and minimising safety risks form crucial elements in the inclusion of all students in the science class- room or school laboratory. A list of practical Strategies to Support Students with Special Educational Needs in the Mainstream Classroom is located in the Toolkit section of this resource pack. Differentiation is a process by which we can enable all students to engage in the curriculum by provid- ing learning tasks and activities that are tailored to their needs and abilities. We can differentiate the content y being learned by a student, e.g. some students might learn five functions while others learn three; process y or way in which a student accesses mate- rial, e.g. by using the Internet, a computer pro- gramme or a textbook; outcome y or way in which a student shows what he or she has learned, e.g. by writing a paragraph, drawing a diagram etc. We differentiate in response to a student’s readiness, skills and background knowledge; y interests relevant to the content; y learning profile, which includes how the student y likes to learn (i.e. a visual, auditory, or kinaesthetic learner), the student’s grouping preferences (i.e. individual, small group, or large group) and the student’s preferences for space (e.g. a quiet space in the classroom). When we differentiate learning and teaching activi- ties to meet the needs and abilities of students, we are making learning more personal and relevant. This personalised approach provides every student with opportunities to reach their potential, whatever their ability level, need or background. Therefore, it does not lower standards, but rather it raises standards for all students through enabling them to access the cur- riculum at a level appropriate to their needs and abili- ties. This resource pack contains differentiated lesson plans and resources for the science classroom. It is Introduction
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2 Introduction not intended that individual lesson plans form part of your subject planning. These plans are included to inform your use of the resources and ideas included in this resource pack. Many of the lesson plans include interactive PowerPoint presentations, which can be used to review lessons quickly with pictures and in- structionally sound feedback. These presentations also reduce the need for lengthy descriptions with the instant display of a resource. A picture may instantly promote discussion or remind students of a key con- cept. This allows us more time to engage meaning- fully with students, which can foster student-centred learning. Finally, interactive PowerPoint presentations can present material in a variety of ways and cater for
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  • Spring '18
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