Thus in summary effective leaders need to be able to adapt their chosen style

Thus in summary effective leaders need to be able to

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behavior is “delegating.” Thus in summary, effective leaders need to be able to adapt their chosen style to fit the requirements of the situation – they need to know not only when to use a particular style, but also how to make each style fit the situation in order to maximize the performance of subordinates. [BK] “The Hero as King” by Thomas Carlyle in The Leader’s Companion , pp. 53 -54. The Hero as King: Carlyle talks about the last form of heroism being kingship. He argues that if you find the “Ablest Man” and raise him to a supreme place and revere him, you have a perfect government for that country, i.e. there is no need for ballots, parliament, voting, constitutions, etc. because nothing will improve it – it is in the perfect state. He says that the “Ablest Man” is the most just, the truest-hearted, and the noblest. [BK] “Rulers and Generals are ‘History’s Slaves’ ” by Leo Tolstoy in The Leader’s Companion , pp. 55 – 59. Rulers and Generals as ‘History’s Slaves’: Tolstoy argues that the higher a man stands on the social ladder, the more people he is connected with, and the more power he has over others, the more evident is the predestination and inevitability of his every action. In this way, a king is ‘history’s slave.’ Every act of these leaders, which appears to them an act of their own will, is in a historical sense involuntary and related to the whole course of history, being predestined from eternity. He uses the example of Napoleon and Alexander to say that their actions, on whose words the Russian war in 1812 seemed to hang, were as little voluntary as the actions of any soldier drawn into the war because in order for their wills to be carried out, the concurrence of innumerable (historical) circumstances was needed and without any of which, the event could not have taken place. In this way, though leaders may live consciously for themselves, they are an unconscious instrument in the attainment of the historical, universal aims of humanity.
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Key Points/Concepts from Lecture There are many different definitions of leadership, but generally, leadership is “exercised when persons with certain motives and purposes mobilize, in competition or conflict with others, institutional, political, psychological, and other resources so as to arouse, engage, and satisfy the motives of followers” (Burns). In order to get to our contemporary idea of leadership, we must look at Classical Theories of Leadership – there are 2 camps: 1. Prescriptive “How to” is what you have to do so that your actions are considered to be leadership (3 types): A. Rhetorical Leadership (Aristotle): using speech to persuade communicating and can be used for manipulating followers B. Military Leadership (Sun Tzu): using strategy and tactics, information and planning C. Political Leadership (Machiavelli/Castiglione): adopting a leadership style, focusing on relationship between leader and followers, and doing whatever is necessary in order to protect interests of the greater good and a community 2.
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