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PH100 Lecture Notes

Why is the performed action pre planned and not free

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Why is the performed action pre-planned and not free of spontaneous? The subject has already decided to perform a specific action; he/she has formed an intention. The type of action is pre-planned. The subject is asked to monitor his/her intentions or urges. This is not what occurs in typical spontaneous conscious willings. So timing studies cannot tell us what happens in everyday, spontaneous conscious willings. Timing studies are studies of artificial actions. Summary Empirical findings do not disconfirm the hypothesis that conscious willing is a causal force or link. They do, however, suggest that our choices are subject to circumstantial factors (things that are present in the environment). Conscious will is not the only thing that affects our actions– there are other factors that influence it November 8, 2012: Moral Psychology and the Social Intuitionist Model Moral psychology: Interdisciplinary study of how agents think about morality, make moral judgements, and behave in moral situations questions: How do humans reason about moral issues? How do they draw moral conclusions? What faculties do they use? Are moral judgements rational judgements?
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What is the role of emotions in moral judgement? Are humans ultimately selfish or can they behave in a genuine altruistic manner? Do humans have character? Are humans autonomous/free agents? What is the nature of moral disagreement? Two aspects Descriptive project: how moral agents actually act and reason Normative project: how moral agents should act and reason Moral psychologists place empirical constraints on certain ethical theories examples: 1. If an ethical theory claims that moral judgements are rational judgements, then emotions shouldn't influence our moral judgements. But if they do, then we should reject the ethical theory. 2. If a person can make normal moral judgements even if he/she has lost the capacity to feel certain emotions, the emotions do not play a crucial role in the formation of moral judgements. 3. If an ethical theory holds that character traits are critical determinants of moral behavior and empirical research shows that there are no lasting, robust character traits, then we should re- evaluate the ethical theory. The Emotional Dog and Its Rational Tail: A Social Intuitionist Approach to Moral Judgement Incest Dog eating Chicken Haidt's aims: To argue against a particular model of moral judgement – one which holds that moral judgment is caused by moral reasoning (the rationalist model) reasoning → judgment to offer an alternative model of moral judgement ( the social intuitionist model ) judgment → reasoning it is intuitionist insofar as moral judgments are the result of quick, automatic intuitions (gut-feeling in the mind) it is social because moral judgment is an interpersonal process to show that the social intuitionist model explains better than the rationalist model empirical findings in
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