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Inaugural address 4 apr 1857 speech 3 the three

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Buchanan, James. “Inaugural Address.” 4 Apr. 1857. Speech. 3 "The Three Platforms." The Boston Daily Atlas , 8 Aug. 1856. America’s Historical Newspapers. Web. 5 May 2012.
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inherent evil of the institution of slavery. An evil that if allowed anywhere in the body of the United States it contaminates its whole being. Luckily their vision was not the only one in 1856. As one could expect, the Republican Party of 1856 espoused many opposite virtues than the Democratic Party. For one they were in favor of a much stronger federal government, which they saw as an effective tool that could be used to squash slavery. As such they were opposed to the concept of popular sovereignty, as their platform from 1856 explains, “Resolved...That the Constitution confers upon Congress sovereign powers over the Territories of the United States for their government; and that in the exercise of this power, it is both the right and the imperative duty of Congress to prohibit in the Territories those twin relics of barbarism--Polygamy, and Slavery. 4 ” The Republicans were so viciously opposed to the spread of slavery that they felt that it was better for the federal government to step in and abolish in the territories before it could spread. Whereas the Democrats wanted to leave it to the majority to rule, the Republicans found slavery so repugnant that to even allow a vote on it was insulting. To the Republicans stopping the spread of slavery trumped the democratic spirit. Seeing as how the Republicans were so willing to expand the federal power to stop slavery, it comes as little surprise to discover that their vision of the United States was one without slavery. Once again if we look to their platform we see that the Republicans of the day were, “Resolved...that, as our Republican fathers, when they had abolished Slavery in all our National Territory, ordained that no person shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law. 5
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