Glencoe Health 2005.pdf

Post traumatic stress disorder is a condition that

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POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER is a condition that may develop after exposure to a terrifying event that threatened or caused physical harm. This disorder is common after a personal assault, such as rape; natural or human-made disasters, such as earthquakes or bombings; accidents, such as plane crashes; or military combat. Symptoms may include flashbacks (sudden recall of the terrifying event), nightmares, emotional numbness, sleeplessness, guilt, and problems with concentration. The disorder may arise weeks or months after the event that caused it. Mood Disorders A is an illness, often with an organic cause, that involves mood extremes that interfere with everyday living. These extremes are not the highs and lows that everyone experiences, nor are they the mood swings sometimes experienced during adoles- cence. The emotional swings of mood disorders are extreme in both intensity and duration. CLINICAL DEPRESSION Most people who say they are depressed are suffering from a pass- ing case of the blues. For some people, however, depression doesn’t go away. Their feelings of sadness, hopelessness, or despair last for more than a few weeks and interfere with daily interests and activ- ities. This type of depression, known as clinical depression, can affect a person’s ability to concentrate, sleep, perform at school or work, or handle everyday decisions and challenges. Clinical depres- sion results from a chemical imbalance that a person cannot over- come without professional help. mood disorder Post-traumatic stress disorder 226 Chapter 9 Mental and Emotional Problems Caring. People who suffer from mental disorders are sometimes seen as different. Although some people think it’s fun to tease someone who is “different,” such teasing is cruel and hurtful. When you show your disapproval of such behavior, you demonstrate consid- eration and caring for the person being teased. What are some other ways of showing caring and respect for someone who is seen as “different”? Post-traumatic stress disorder may occur in the aftermath of a crisis. What can members of a community do to support one another during crises?
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Source: American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry M ANIA AND D EPRESSION —F LIP S IDES OF M OOD D ISORDERS FOR T EENS Manic Symptoms Extreme changes in mood —is either excessively happy or silly, or very irritable, angry, agitated, or aggressive Grandiosity —unrealistically high self-esteem, feeling all-powerful Very high energy level —including the ability to go with little or no sleep for days without feeling tired Pressured speech —talks too much, too fast, changes topics too quickly, and does not allow interruption Distractibility —attention moves constantly from one thing to another Repeated high-risk behavior —alcohol or drug use, reckless driving, or sexual activity Depressive Symptoms Irritability, persistent sadness, frequent crying Preoccupation with death or suicide Loss of enjoyment in favorite activities
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