Section 2: Section 2: The Revolutionary War Era
Holt African American History Holt African American History Chapter 3 Chapter 3 Building Background As African American slaves toiled to help the American colonies grow, so did the British colonies toil to keep the British Empire growing. Over time, however, resentment arose in the American colonies toward the mother country. Before long, the colonists rose up in rebellion and declared their independence from Great Britain.
Holt African American History Holt African American History Chapter 3 Chapter 3 The Growing Dispute with Great Britain • Several factors influenced conflict between American colonies and British government – Many economic factors – Colonies established to bring riches to Great Britain – British crown wanted as much money as possible – Passed Navigation Acts as way to get money • All goods to or from colonies to be transported on British ships • Goods shipped to colonies must go to Britain first to be taxed • Colonists did not like regulations; regulations made goods more expensive
Holt African American History Holt African American History Chapter 3 Chapter 3 The French and Indian War Colonies expensive • Colonies cost British money • Fought expensive French and Indian War from 1754 and 1763 • British won the war • Drove French almost completely out of North America • Canada became British colony Expensive victory • British now with much larger empire in North America • Had to pay administrators to run new territories • Needed more soldiers to defend new territories • Faced with growing expenses British turned attention to financial matters
Holt African American History Holt African American History Chapter 3 Chapter 3 As part of efforts to increase revenue, British created new taxes. The Sugar Act and the Stamp Act were examples of fund-raising product taxes. New Laws Sugar Act • Taxed sugar and molasses from the West Indies • Tax very unpopular in the North • Molasses key ingredient in making rum for export Stamp Act • Colonists must buy government stamps for all documents • Included contracts, licenses, newspapers, and playing cards • Colonists angered Colonists respond • Some chose to boycott , refusing to buy British goods • Fewer sales meant less profit for British merchants • The Acts remained in force
Holt African American History Holt African American History Chapter 3 Chapter 3 Dislike of British • Some colonists felt British troops were a direct threat to their safety • One active protest led to Boston Massacre after soldiers fired into crowd • African American Crispus Attucks among five dead; became symbol of revolution More protests followed • Boston Tea Party staged in 1773 as protest against new tea tax • British responded with stricter laws intended to restore order in colonies • Plans backfired; new laws stirred up colonists to resist further Protests
Holt African American History Holt African American History Chapter 3 Chapter 3
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