Why worry about how to define mental disorder mental

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Why Worry About How To Define Mental Disorder? Why Worry About How To Define Mental Disorder? Mental disorder diagnoses are stigmatizing. Mental disorder diagnoses are sometimes used as tools of political persecution. Mental disorder diagnoses are used to marginalize dissent (S. Halleck,  The politics of  therapy , 1971). Mental disorder diagnoses are used to excuse defendants and others from  responsibility for their actions (i.e., Allan Dershowitz’s “excuse abuse”). Hope: A valid and consistent definition of “mental disorder” will produce no false  positives and no false negatives. Underlying Dichotomies That Drive Attempts to Define “Mental Disorder” Underlying Dichotomies That Drive Attempts to Define “Mental Disorder” Is a condition normal or abnormal?  Many different criteria: Deviance (statistical, moral) Distress (self and/or others) Dysfunction (inability, efficiency, maladaptation)  Danger (self and/or others) Is a person ill or evil? (Disorder or sin?) Is the professional response to the condition treatment  or oppression? How a society responds to mental disorders is a way of determining how it  regards mental disorders
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Current Official View   Current Official View   (American Psychiatric Association, 1994) (American Psychiatric Association, 1994) A mental disorder is: a clinically significant behavioral or psychological syndrome or pattern that  occurs in an individual; and that is associated with: present distress (e.g., a painful symptom), or disability (i.e., impairment in one or more important areas of function),  or with a significantly increased risk of suffering death, pain, disability, or  an important loss of freedom. and must not be merely an expectable and culturally sanctioned response to a  particular event, for example, the death of a loved one. this view is the basis of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental  Disorders, current in its 4th Edition. How Do We Learn What “Mental Disorders” Look Like? Prototype Theory How Do We Learn What “Mental Disorders” Look Like? Prototype Theory Theories of meaning:  Definitions of Disorder: Definitional theory of meaning Semantic definitions of mental disorders Prototype theory of meaning Prototype definitions of mental disorders Where Do People Acquire These Mental Disorder Prototypes? Where Do People Acquire These Mental Disorder Prototypes? Repeated exposure to conditions perceived as necessitating mental health 
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