4.2.4 Offering adequate support to asylum seekers The Australian government should allow asylum seekers to go through training and offer them opportunities to work. When the asylum seekers are denied opportunities to undertake training and skill development, their chances of securing jobs is limited. Between the year 2012 and year 2013, approximately 10,000 asylum seekers were given bridging visas without the right to employment or work making this an untapped economic resource. By taking advantage of the training, skills development, and employment of these people, the Australian government can boost the economic productivity ( St Vincent de Paul Society, 2013).
INEQUALITY AND POVERTY 22 4.2.5 Increasing new start allowance The current Newstart rate is not enough to cater for accommodation, transport, food, power, and health. Notable, these are the basic things that an individual ought to have to live a stress-free life. Therefore, there is the need for the Australian government should honor the $ 4- week supplement and at the same time increase Newstart ( Richardson, & Grudnoff, 2013). St Vincent de Paul Society calls on the Australian government to offer rental rebates as well as concessions that indicate increases in rental markets. Also, the Australian government should ensure that it improves the National Rental Affordability Scale and invest in affordable housing. Finally, it should commit to the targets presented in the Homelessness white paper (The Road Home) that calls for the need to cut the number of homeless people by half come the year 2020. Typically, a safe and stable house is a key factor to the well-being of every individual and offers a secure base for citizens to actively participate in nation building. One way of ensuring that the entire Australia population lives in better housing is to adjust rental and housing rebates as a way of reflecting increases in the rental market rather than the use of CPI. With secure and affordable housing, people have a platform to look for better jobs ( St Vincent de Paul Society, 2013). 5. Conclusion The number of Australians experiencing inequality and poverty is significant and may continue to grow in the future. Inequality and poverty are harmful not only to those who experience it but to the entire society. Therefore, redressing this issue is not only a moral imperative but the surest way to facilitate the well-being and economic prosperity of the entire country. In Australia, there are specific groups that have been on the receiving end of inequality and poverty including unemployed people, indigenous Australians, low wage employees, big families (3-4 children), government cash dependants, single-parent families, low income singles,
INEQUALITY AND POVERTY 23 homeless people, refugees and migrants, youth in low income households, people with long-term sicknesses, and special needs people. Causes of inequality and poverty among these groups have been contributed by low levels of education, poor working condition, and low income; housing
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- Spring '17