Nonetheless it is hard to determine whether having

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Nonetheless, it is hard to determine whether having more partners is a root or a result of assault. Lundgren and Amin (2015) argue that females who had been assaulted when they were still young are expected have more sex partners when they grow up compared to those who have never been victims of sexual violence. Level of Education The risk of women being sexually assaulted increases with their level of education. Modisaotsile (2012) says that educated women in South Africa are more likely to be assaulted sexually because education and empowerment makes them more resistant to patriarchal customs. Consequently, the men decide to engage in violence to show them that they are still powerful. However, the correlation that exists between these educational level and sexual violence is a “U- Shaped” one-there reaches a point where the empowerment protects a woman. Poverty “Poor females are more likely to be victims of sexual assault” (Modisaotsile, 2012). Situations such as walking home at night after work or working in farms increase their chances of being attacked. Kids from humble backgrounds may not be well protected when they are away from school. Their parents lack sufficient funds to hire house helps or take them to childcare institutions when they go to work. Sometimes these children have to also work and therefore, they are easy targets for the perpetrators. Factors that Increase the Risk of Men Engaging in Sexual Violence There is limited information on men who are sexually violent. In the US, many studies have been carried out on males in institutions of higher education. Nonetheless, in other
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PROBLEM IN WORLD HISTORY 6 countries that are still developing, studies are typically limited to arrested perpetrators. Although there is not enough information about what makes the men engage in this practice, it is clear that sexual violence is a global problem. It is evident that in most cases, men who engage in the same attack women who are close to them. There are close relations between most of the factors that lead to sexual violence and most of them are closely linked with attitudes and beliefs Drug Abuse Drugs have been proved to play a significant role in many sexual violence cases. Alcohol, for example, reduces inhabitations, clouds judgments and impairs the ability of a person to make interpretation of clues. Some men also attack women when they are drunk since they know they can put the blame on being drunk. Peer Factors Most of the perpetrators engage in the same since sexual hostility makes them to be held in high esteem. There is a close relationship between sexual aggressive behavior in young men and gang membership. Studies show that individuals who have sexually hostile friends are expected to report forceful sexual behavior outside the context of their gangs compared to those who lack friends who are sexually aggressive. In most cases, such men claim that gang rape is legitimate and is used to punish women for engaging in behaviors such as inappropriate dressing.
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